Renaissance Humanism

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by pjsimba16
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
9

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Renaissance Humanism

Primarily during the Middle Ages and even into the Elizabethan Times, fate / fortune was believed to be the most powerful entity present in life. This was a very popular presumption during those ages as the majority of the population (the poor) had the chance to achieve the same hapiness as the rich depending on their spin on the wheel. This made life seemingly more equal and just. Lastly, this ties in with the Humanists approach on life, as man was able to control their own destiny.

The Wheel of Fortune / Rota Fortunae

Renaissance Humanism

The Divine Right of KingsA tremendous amount of monarchs during the middle ages and the Elizabethan times ruled under their precieved "Divine Right". Under this belief, kings and queens were always under the impression that they were put on the Earth by God, in order to rule their lands. Because of this popular idea, all citizens were forced to look up to them as they believed that they would be spited my God if they did not.

Describe the handout on this blackboard...

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The Great Chain of BeingDuring the classical era, the Great Chain of Being was another widely believed idea in the minds of many people, nobles and peasants alike. The idea of the chain was that everything in the universe had its place in a heirarchal order that is organized by the gods or the divine ruler. The premise of the chain is based upon each objects 'spirit' and 'matter'. More 'matter' and less 'spirit' would put an object closer to the bottom of the chain. Therefore, the bottom of the chain were occupied by inanimate objects.

It was a collection of intellectual Roman and Greek teachingsItinitially took place in Italy and spread around the Europe and was developed during 14th and 15th centuriesThese techings were a response to the challenge of the medieval scholastic education, which emphasized practical and scientific studiesRenaissance HumanistsThey sought to create society, which often involved women, to be able to speak and write, thus able to persuade others into living a virtuous and prudent lives this was accomplished through the study of "humanities", which involved grammar, rhetoric, history, poetry and moral philosophyProminent humanists, who were great collectors of antique manuscripts.Petrarch: coined "Father of Humanism" for his devotion to Greek and Roman scrolls.Coluccio SalutatiPoggio BraccioliniThese humanists worked for organised Church or holy orders (like Petrarch) and some were lawyers or chancellors of Italian cities


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