Remington Canfield Alternative Energy

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Remington Canfield Alternative Energy

ALTERNATIVE ENERGY TIME LINE

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Time Line

1900

1st Diesel Engine to run onVegetable Oil

The country's first large-scale geothermal electricity-generating plant begins operation. Pacific Gas and Electric operates the plant, located at The Geysers. The first turbine produces 11 megawatts (MW) of net power and operates successfully for more than 30 years. Today, 69 generating facilities are in operation at 18 resource sites around the country

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A number of early graduates of the UMass program founded the first modern wind turbine manufacturing company in the United States in 1979, US Windpower in Burlington, MA.In December 1980, US Windpower installed the world’s first wind farm, consisting of 20 wind turbines rated at 30 kilowatts each, on the shoulder of Crotched Mountain in southern New Hampshire. These turbines were direct descendants of the UMass WF1.US Windpower, which later changed its name to Kenetech, subsequently developed wind farms in California. After experiencing machine failure there too, Kenetech improved its designs and became the world’s largest turbine manufacturer and wind farm developer before succumbing to the weight of aggressive development efforts, serious technical problems with its newest turbines, and a weak US market, ultimately filing for bankruptcy in 1996. Many of the company’s assets (including its wind turbine designs) were acquired by Enron Wind, which later became GE Wind.http://www.umass.edu/windenergy/about.history.alumni.php

"As the world went to war in the 1940s, [Physicist Enrico] Fermi and other physicists in Europe and America came to understand that a uranium atom split by a neutron would cause a self-perpetuating chain reaction of atom splitting that would release enormous energy. This process, called nuclear fission, suggested possible military applications, and Fermi and his colleagues at Columbia University joined with Albert Einstein to persuade the U.S. Government to study the idea. Meanwhile, at Columbia, Fermi sought to develop a controlled nuclear fission chain reaction. In 1942, when President Franklin Roosevelt authorized the 'Manhattan Project,' Fermi's work was relocated to the University of Chicago, where in December of that year, he and his team achieved the first controlled nuclear chain reaction."

1942

1st Controled Nuclear Chain Reaction

1953

First Silicon Solar Cell Developed at Bell Laboratories

1962

1980

First Commercial Scale Geothermal Electric Plants in the US Built in California

World's First Wind Farm Built in New Hampshire

"In 1953, Bell Laboratories (now AT'T labs) scientists Gerald Pearson, Daryl Chapin and Calvin Fuller developed the first silicon solar cell capable of generating a measurable electric current. The New York Times reported the discovery as 'the beginning of a new era, leading eventually to the realization of harnessing the almost limitless energy of the sun for the uses of civilization.'"

"The first public demonstration of vegetable oil based diesel fuel was at the 1900 World's Fair, when the French government commissioned the Otto company to build a diesel engine to run on peanut oil. The French government was interested in vegetable oils as a domestic fuel for their African colonies. Rudolph Diesel later did extensive work on vegetable oil fuels and became a leading proponent of such a concept, believing that farmers could benefit from providing their own fuel. However, it would take almost a century before such an idea became a widespread reality. Shortly after Dr. Diesel's death in 1913 petroleum became widely available in a variety of forms, including the class of fuel we know today as 'diesel fuel'. With petroleum being available and cheap, the diesel engine design was changed to match the properties of petroleum diesel fuel. The result was an engine which was fuel efficient and very powerful. For the next 80 years diesel engines would become the industry standard where power, economy and reliability are required."


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