Reform Movements

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Social Studies
American History

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Reform Movements

PUBLIC SCHOOLS- Reformers recongnized that if the people were to govern, they needed to be educated.CARE OF MENTALLY ILL- Most mentally ill were locked up in prisons. In 1840's Dorothea Dix studied poor treatment of the ill. TEMPERANCE & PROHIBITION- The movement opposed the use of alcoholic beverages, began in the 1820's, it's cheif goal became prohibition. Under the leadership of Frances Willard, The Women's Christian Temperance Union founded in 1874. Included many populists and Progressives. It joined with the Ani=ti- Saloon League.WOMENS RIGHT'S- By 1830's, reform minded women recongnized that they faced discrimination, even within their own organizations. Began officailly in 1848. First goal was middle class to end legal inequalities faced by married women. In 1853 Susan B. Anthony joined Stanton in the drive for women's rights.ABOLITION- In 1820's the antislavery movement grew as cotton production became more profitable and slavery spread. Attracted wide variety of activist sucha as, Harriet Tubman, Fredrick Douglass, and Sojourner Truth. Plus white activist such as, Angelina and Sarah Grimke and William Lloyd Garrison.


1860 - Public School1800's - 1840's Mentally Ill1820's - AbolitionEarly 20th century- Temperance and Prohibition1848-1920 Women's Rights

PUBLIC SCHOOLS- Horace Mann believed that everyhuman being had the right to an education; he developed and educational system with grade levels and teachers. Educational opportunities for girls and young women also expanded.CARE OF MENTALLY ILL- Dorothea Dix reported her finding's to the state legislature, which authorized funds for state mental hospitals. later wprked with 7 other states.TEMPERANCE & PROHIBITION- Believed through prohibition, problems of proverty and diseases could be eased, famliy life improved, and the national econmy made more productive. Led to adoption of 18th amendment, national prohibition.WOMENS RIGHT'S- Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized the Seneca Falls Convention; Susan B. Anthony joined and they started gaining womens rights.ABOLITION- The Underground Railroad was created, series of safe houses where run away slaves made there way north and into Canada for freedom.


In the early 1800's great changes such as, Industrial revolution, the Second Great Awakening, and the American Reform Tradition affected the way people lived and interacted with each other.


ABOVE ON THE RIGHT- This is the first womens convention being held at Seneca Falls in 1848 by Elizabeth Cady Stanton.ABOVE ON THE LEFT- Quote forms the inscription of a popular, 18th century anti-slavery medallion made by the nonconformist lawyer Josiah Wedgewood.NEXT ON THE RIGHT1- Is an anti slavery poster about a meeting discussing anti slavery, and what they should do about it.VERY TOP OF PAGE LEFT- The WCTU showing a sign saying if you drink you shall not kiss them; they were for abolishment.VERY TOP OF PAGE RIGHT- A commonnpublic school in the 1830's.NEXT ON THE RIGHT2- Dorothea Dix, who helped with mental hospitals.

Rhodni Boyd-PostellReform MovementsSocailStudies per.8th6/17/15




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