Recipe

by cintia00
Last updated 5 years ago

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Recipe

NELSONMANDELA

Biography

CURIOSITIES

Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in Umtata (South Africa). He studied law and got a job in Johannesburg at the age of 23. He joined to the African National Congress (ANC) to fight against discrimination and excessive exploitation of South African blacks.In 1943, he founded the Youth League and organized demonstrations against apartheid (racial segregation). In 1961, he founded the Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the nation) which joined the armed struggle. But the following year he was captured and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was 46 when he was taken to the jail of Robben Island, opposite Cape Town.His followers continued to fight and many Governments began to demand their freedom and the end of racial segregation. Winnie Mandela, spread the ideals of her husband and led many protests seeking his freedom.In 1990 he was released by the moderate President Frederik de Klerk. In the following months, both leaders negotiated the Elimination of apartheid, which was officially repealed in 1991. Both were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.In 1994, Mandela was elected President of South Africa and ruled until 1999. In this period he struggled to reconcile South Africans and collaborated in the cessation of several wars on the continent, as in Zaire. He then retired from political life until he died in Johannesburg on December 5, 2013.

-There are two films about Mandela's life.-After retiring from politics, Mandela also participated in the fight against Acquired ImmuneDeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) in the country, through the Nelson Mandela Foundation. The birthday of Nelson Mandela, July 18 has been declared by the Assembly of the United Nations as the International Day for the Fight Mandela Freedoms.

BY: SALVI HERNÁNDEZ, CINTIA DELGADO, MARÍA GALINDO Y LUCÍA FUENTES.


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