Raoul Wallenberg

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by justbeingjess
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Jewish History
Grade:
10

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Raoul Wallenberg

Where's Wallenberg?In 1945, Hitler’s death marches began. Of the 58,000 people sent on death marches, almost 20,000 died. Raoul Wallenberg managed to save some people in the death marches by giving them Schutz passes, or supplying them with food, blankets, and medical supplies. Then, later on January 17th, 1945, Wallenberg disappeared. He had been going to visit the Soviet Military Headquarters, but he and his driver, Vilmos Langfelder, never returned. It has been said that he was abducted and incarcerated by the Soviets in 1945Till this day, The Soviets claim that Wallenberg died of a heart attack in 1947, even though prison sightings provide evidence to the contrary.In the 1940’s until 1972, there were many prison sightings of Wallenberg. This contradicted the Soviet government's statement that Wallenberg had a heart attack, but it could never be proved that Wallenberg had actually been sighted.In 1981, Wallenberg became the third individual to become an Honorary U.S. Citizen.And that is the end of Raoul Wallenberg’s story. But we are all left to wonder; is he dead or alive? Were the Soviets telling the truth, or lying? The questions go on and on. We will never know the answers to most of them. But whatever the answers of the questions may be, Wallenberg is still on our minds.

How He HelpedIn 1944, Raoul Wallenberg began to get involved. He knew how unjust the inhumanity of the Nazis was, and remembered the stories of the Jews from Haifa. So he began to issue his Schutz Passes. Schutz Passes were fake identification papers that stated that the person possessing them was under the protection of the Swedish government and could not be harmed. In this way, Wallenberg used the Nazis’ love of paperwork and order as a manner of saving more Jews. By the end of the war, he had issued about 15,000 passes and saved 15,000 lives with the Schutz Passes alone.In July of 1944, Wallenberg began to acknowledge that Schutz Passes could not save all the Jews in Hungary, so he created Swedish Safe Houses. Safe Houses were special havens that offered shelter for Hungarian Jews and were protected by the Swedish flag.

Who was He?-Born Aug. 4th, 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. -Family was very wealthy and well-known; mostly bankers, politicians, ambassadors, and diplomats. -Raoul’s father, Raoul Oscar Wallenberg, died three months before his birth. -Grandfather, Gustav Wallenberg, was put in charge of his education. -Meant to carry on the family trade as a banker, but Raoul was much more interested in architecture and trade. -Study at the University of Michigan; graduated in 1931, majoring in architecture.-Died July 17, 1947

What Got Him InvolvedFive years after graduating, Wallenberg took a trip to Palestine (modern-day Israel). When he arrived in Haifa, he finally began noticing the Jews that had escaped Hitler’s Germany. He heard their stories of oppression and persecution and, being a partial Jew and a highly principled person, had empathy for their plight.

Accomplishments -Protected thousands of Jews in Nazi-occupied Hungary during the Holocaust- 1 of 7 Honorary Citizens of the United States (awarded after death)-saved the lives of more than 100,000 men, women and children-Honored in the Guinness Book of World Records as saving the greatest number of people from extinction.-received many accolades for his humanitarianism

Documentary on Raoul Wallenberg

By: Jared Turrel & Jessica Uy

Raoul Wallenberg

Raoul Wallenberg Memorial Monument at Haga Kyrkoplan in Central Gothenburg

Raoul Wallenberg Memorial Linköping Sweden

the heroic actions of a single person have the power to make a difference


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