Rabies Virus

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by shiyaowang
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology
Grade:
12

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Rabies Virus

Citation:- Nordqvist, Christian. “What is rabies? What causes rabies?” 10 September, 2014. Web. - Clinic, Mayo. “Rabies” 2 January, 2014. Web.

Rabiesworldwide

This graph shows which region has rabies.

Fun facts :

Rabies Virus

Rabies infection is caused by the rabies virus. Rabies is a deadly virus that attacks the CNS (central nervous system) and causes acute encephalitis(swelling of the brain). It is transmitted from animals to humans, most commonly by animal bites, and spread through the saliva of infected animals.

The cause of rabies

Over 55,000 people die from rabies worldwide annually, 95% of them in Asia and Africa. Most human deaths occur after a dog bite, between 30% and 60% of them are children aged less than 15 years.

Animals:Cats, Cows, Dogs, Ferrets, Goats, Horses, Bats, Beavers, Coyotes, Foxes, Monkeys, Raccoons, Skunks ,WoodchucksSpecial case: - becoming infected in bat caves after breathing in the air.

The first symptoms of rabies may be very similar to the flu:Fever, Headache, Nausea, Vomiting, myalgia (muscle pains), Anxiety, Confusion, Hyperactivity, Difficulty swallowing Excessive salivation, Fear of water, Hallucinations, Insomnia, Partial paralysis

Rabies symptoms

How to prevent the rabies virus?

Vaccination: gives the individual more time to get medical help; it does not offer full protection, but slows the virus down.Contact with animals - do not touch unknown animals, This is especially the case in areas that are not rabies-free. Vaccinating animals - if you do not live in a rabies-free country or area, make sure your pets and farm animals' vaccinations are up-to-date.

How did the rabies transmit after biting?

Treatments

- Rabies is a Bullet-Shapped Virus- Majority of dog bites are seen in boys ages 5-9.- Men are bitten more than women by dogs.- Hawaii is the only rabies-free state in the U.S.

Anybody who is bitten by an animal that might have rabies needs to see a doctor immediately and receive treatment. - After being bitten place the wound under a running tap and clean it thoroughly (use soap) for about five minutes. - If there is not profuse bleeding, do not try to close up or stitch the wound. Get medical help as soon as you can.- If the patient was not vaccinated before being bitten the doctor will inject HRIG (human rabies immunoglobulin).- The initial rabies vaccine should be given immediately, with the other doses on days 3, 7 and 14 after the first.- If a patient has already received pre-exposure vaccination, they should only receive the post-exposure vaccinations on days 0 and 2, and not be given the HRIG injections.Warning:-Once symptoms of rabies appear in humans, no treatment is possible, and the infected person almost always dies within a week.

Symptoms of rabies

Animals that can transmit the rabies virus


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