Queen Elizabeth I

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by SydneyLy2014
Last updated 5 years ago

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Social Studies
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Historical biographies

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Queen Elizabeth I

Elizabeth’s life was troubled from the second she was born. King Henry VIII married Anne Boleyn in hopes she would give birth to a strong and healthy son. However on September 7, 1533 in Greenwich Palace, Anne gave birth to Elizabeth instead. Soon the King grew tired of Anne and beheaded her before Elizabeth was even three years old. Henry VIII remarried and had another child, Edward VI. Elizabeth went to live with Katherine Parr, her step mother, and Thomas Seymour. She soon left due to a scandal. It is unclear what truly happened, but rumors state she was caught kissing or possibly in bed with Thomas Seymour. Katherine Parr died not long after. Because Elizabeth was a daughter of the late King Henry VIII, she was in line to the throne (despite several attempts to remove her from the chain, she was in Henry's will as an heir) and was therefore a most sought-after bride. Thomas Seymour asked for Elizabeth’s hand in marriage, but she declined. From this incident, she was accused of plotting against the young king, but she was never charged. Thomas was later executed. Edward came down with an infection and died, leaving Lady Jane to the throne. However, Mary, Elizabeth’s half-sister, took the throne nine days later and imprisoned Jane and her husband. Shortly after becoming queen, Mary threw Elizabeth in the Tower of imprisonment. Elizabeth was released from the Tower after a few months of imprisonment and was sent to Woodstock where she stayed for just under a year. When it appeared that Mary had become pregnant, Elizabeth was no longer seen as a significant threat and the Queen let her return to her residence at Hatfield, under semi- house arrest. Queen Mary became pregnant and died, without giving birth. The throne then went to Elizabeth. Elizabeth had survived and was finally Queen of England. On January 15, 1559, Elizabeth I was crowned Queen by Owen Oglethorpe, bishop of Carlisle at Westminster Abbey, a little less than two months after the death of Mary I. As soon as Elizabeth took the throne, she was showered by suitors, who she all rejected. It is theorized that she was disgusted by the idea of marriage (thanks to her father) or she was madly in love with a married man. Elizabeth never married, but managed to successfully play her suitors off of one another for about 25 years, gaining alliances and wealth from gifts on the possibility of marriage. The later years of Elizabeth’s reign are commonly known as the Golden Age. However, during this time, both England and Elizabeth served many trails. For example, she had to deal with the growing threat of Mary Queen of Scots to wanted to claim the throne of England. She was under house arrest when she came to England, but Elizabeth knew Mary was still a threat. So, Elizabeth executed her on February 8th 1587. Also, the greatest military threat to Elizabeth's reign came a year later, when the Armada from Spain sailed toward the tiny island nation. England won and prevailed on its way to becoming the supreme naval power that it was in the 1600 and 1700s. Elizabeth died on March 24, 1603 at Richmond Palace and was succeeded by James I (James VI of Scotland), the son of Mary, Queen of Scots. The Tudor dynasty ended and passed to the Stuarts.

1.Queen Elizabeth survived and thrived in a world dominated by males, proving that women could rule as well as men. Until her reign, people thought that women were weak rulers and her half- sister did nothing to change that thought. 2.She successfully united her subjects who were previously divided by religion. She was able to make her religious settlement of 1559 work, despite the conflicts. 3.Through her careful manipulation of her subjects, she was able to gain the affection and popularity of her people. She also was able to uphold this in even in her declining years. She had a common touch that won the hearts of her many subjects.4.Queen Elizabeth effectively led her people to war. She and her army defeated the most powerful man in the world, King Phillip II of Spain, when he sent his Armada against England in 1588. Her efforts paid off after she carefully captured the navy. This went down as one of the greatest English victories at sea.5. Queen Elizabeth I funded sea travel which led to great discoveries.

1.Even though Queen Elizabeth I did not marry, she considered marriage many times too many people. There was about six different people including: Thomas Seymour, King Phillip II of Spain, and the Archduke Charles of Austria. 2.Queen Elizabeth I would sometimes wear frog-shaped earrings, given to her as a gift from Francios, the duke of France. She probably wore them because she called Francios her “frog”.3.Queen Elizabeth is often pictured wearing heavy white face power. Even though the look was fashionable at the time, she did this to cover her scars left from the small pox.4.Queen Elizabeth I could understand and speak several languages. There were a total of eight different languages which included Latin, Greek, English, Spanish, French, Welsh, and Cornish, which is now only spoken by about 2,000 people in Cornwall.5.Queen Elizabeth was born to King Henry and his second wife Anne Boleyn. She was born a princess, but had this title stripped when the king decided to have Anne’s head chopped off. She went by Lady Elizabeth until she was “Queened”. 6.Queen Elizabeth never got married or have any children which led to the nick name “Virgin Queen”. Because she didn’t have any children, there was no heir to the throne. For this reason, the title went to the King of Scotland, James IV, who had a family link to the queen. James IV ruled both kingdoms separately, and then united them to become one. Elizabeth ruled for 44 years and 127 days which is the eighth longest reign in the monarch and the third longest female reign. 7.Queen Elizabeth has been portrayed more often in movies and television more than any other British Monarch. The actresses (and actor) who have played her range from Sarah Bernhardt in Les Amours de la Reine Elisabeth, a French silent film from 1912 and the first screen portrayal of Queen Elizabeth I to Quentin Crisp in Orlando in 1992. The time-traveling time lord, The Doctor from Doctor Who, has also encountered the Queen in episodes from 1965 to 2013.

Citations

Alchin, Linda. "Timeline of Queen Elizabeth I." Timeline of Queen Elizabeth I. N.p., 16 May 2014. Web. 01 June 2014. . "Elizabeth I : Timeline." Elizabeth I : Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2014. ."Elizabeth I." Elizabeth I. N.p., 21 Feb. 2012. Web. 01 June 2014. . "Ten Facts About Queen Elizabeth I." Ten Facts about Queen Elizabeth I (1558. N.p., 2013. Web. 01 June 2014. .

Biography

Mini Video Biography

1533 - Princess Elizabeth I is born to King Henry VIII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn.1536- Anne Boleyn is executed.1536-1543 - Elizabeth has to endure her father going through many failed marriages.1547 – King Henry VIII dies, Edward VI (Henry's son) becomes King of England, Princess Elizabeth lives with Katherine Parr (Henry’s last wife).1551 – Elizabeth returns to court.1554 – Princess Elizabeth is imprisoned in a tower for eight weeks under Queen Mary’s rule.1559 – Elizabeth crowned Queen of England1563 - When the Bubonic Plague broke out in London in 1563, Queen Elizabeth I moved her court to Windsor Castle where she rose gallows and ordered that anyone coming from London was to be hanged1570 - Elizabeth is excommunicated from the Catholic Church by the Pope1581 - A marriage treaty between Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Anjou is signed. Duke of Anjou dies in 15841587 – England is at war with Spain1601 - Elizabethan Poor Law charges the districts with providing for the needy1603 – Queen Elizabeth I dies

Queen Elizabeth I

Fun Facts

Timeline

Acomplishments

Born: 7 September 1533Greenwich PalaceBecame Queen: 17 November 1558Coronation: 15 January 1559Westminster AbbeyDied: 24 March 1603Richmond PalaceBuried: 28 April 1603Westminster Abbey

Lasting Impact

Historical Arguement

Queen Elizabeth impacted our world today in many ways. Although she did not invent or discover anything, she made many other important contributions. She encouraged trade and exploration through the English voyages of discovery led by brave men. She established religious freedom, and set the standards for women's independence and gave them authority in the political arena and in positions of power and responsibility. She encouraged the arts, music and literature causing them to make huge leaps forward extending even after her reign. She had a major role in religion for many generations to come. Even though she wasn’t like Vincent Van Gogh who discovered many things or William Shakespeare who wrote lasting stories, She had a reign that impacted England greatly in her time period and later time periods. She is an example for all rulers, male and female.


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