Petr Iljič Čajkovskij

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Arts & Music
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Artist Biographies

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Petr Iljič Čajkovskij

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, he was born on 7 May 1840, in Vyatka and he died on 6 November 1893, in St. Petersburg.He was the second eldest of his parents' six surviving offspring. Tchaikovsky's father, Ilya, worked as a mine inspector and metal works manager.

Struggling with societal pressures to repress his homosexuality, in 1877, Tchaikovsky married a young music student named Antonina Milyukova. The marriage was a catastrophe, with Tchaikovsky abandoning his wife within weeks of the wedding. During a nervous breakdown, he unsuccessfully attempted to commit suicide, and eventually fled abroad.

When he was just 5 years old, Tchaikovsky began taking piano lessons. At the age of 10, Tchaikovsky began attending the Imperial School of Jurisprudence, a boarding school in St. Petersburg. When he was 21, Tchaikovsky decided to take music lessons at the Russian Musical Society.

Tchaikovsky died in St. Petersburg on November 6, 1893. The cause of his death was officially declared as cholera, some of his biographers believe that he committed suicide after the humiliation of a sex scandal trial.

Biography

Acclaim came readily for Tchaikovsky in 1875, with his composition Symphony No. 3 in D Major. At the end of that year, the composer embarked on a tour of Europe. In 1876, he completed the ballet Swan Lake as well as the fantasy Francesca da Rimini. Tchaikovsky resigned from the Moscow Conservatory in 1878 to focus his efforts entirely on composing. As a result, he spent the remainder of his career composing more prolifically than ever. His collective body of work constitutes 169 pieces, including symphonies, operas, ballets, concertos, cantatas and songs. Among his most famed late works are the ballets The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker.

Pyort Ilyich tchaikovsky

A few months later, he enrolled at the newly founded St. Petersburg Conservatory, becoming one of the school's first composition students. In 1863, he moved to Moscow, where he became a professor of harmony at the Moscow Conservatory.

The Nutcracker

David Suarez Rivero2ºb


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