Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

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by samch21
Last updated 5 years ago

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Arts & Music
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Artist Biographies
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Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, an amazingly talented and skilled musician from the romantic time period. His works are played all around the world. His most famous pieces are The Nutcracker, 1812 Overture, Romeo and Juliet, Swan Lake, and The Sleeping Beauty. His music was known for it’s strong emotion. His story is both inspiring and provoking. This is the story of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Tchaikovsky was born May 7th 1840 in Votkinsk, Russia. His parents Ilya Petrovich and Alexandra Andreyevna had seven children, Tchaikovsky was the second of the seven. These were the names of their children: Modest, Pyotr, Anatoly, Aleksandra, Nikolai, Zinaida and lppolit. His father, Ilya Petrovich worked as a mine inspector and a metal works manager. Tchaikovsky played piano since he was five years old, he took these lessons from his mother. He loved to listen to her sing and play the piano. Tchaikovsky was a very emotional child and he was very devoted to his mother. He loved her dearly and he and his sister once composed a song to her. (Tchaikovsky was at age four at the time.) So when his mother died of cholera on June 25, 1854 Tchaikovsky was traumatized. Cholera is a bacterial disease from infected water and it is often very fatal. This marked the end of his childhood, he was no longer a child, for he bared the weight of his mother’s death with him and he grew up from this experience.

Tchaikovsky was sent to two schools. The first school he attended was the Imperial School of Jurisprudence at the age of ten. He ended his time at the school when his mother died. After she did died he went to be a bureau clerk with the Ministry of Justice, which is what his parents wanted. In 1861, Tchaikovsky went to the newly opened Saint Petersburg Conservatory to continue with music. At the same time he started to take lessons at the Russian Musical Society. This was the end of his education, he became focused on music after he went to this school.

Tchaikovsky had two jobs. The first was a bureau clerk at the Ministry of Justice from 1859 to 1862. He started this occupation shortly after his mother died, for it was the job that his parents wanted him to do and he felt that he was honoring his parents by doing this. After he got bored and went to a music school at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory and took lessons at the Russian Musical Society. After he did this he started his career of music and stuck with this until his last years, playing and writing songs that changed the music world.

This was Tchaikovsky as a child.

Tchaikovsky was a very successful musician. In his whole life he composed 119 pieces of music. He composed ten operas, three ballets, eight symphonies, five pieces for stage-play, four suites, twenty-three orchestral works, thirteen pieces for solo instruments, five orchestral works with song, solo, choir, seventeen pieces of chamber music, fourteen piano works, four spiritual choir pieces, and thirteen other songs. His most famous pieces are The Nutcracker Ballet, Romeo and Juliet, Swan Lake, and the 1812 Overture. My personal favorite is the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy from The Nutcracker Ballet. It is a ballet from the romantic time period that was written to sound like drops of water spraying out of a fountain. There are eleven instruments in the ballet. They include the Flute, Oboe, Coranglais, Clarinet, The Bass Clarinet, Bassoon, Horn, Celesta, Violin, Viola, and the Cello. It is two minutes and thirty-six seconds long and you can hear the main theme of the song four times. Here is a link to listen to this amazing song: Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy

Tchaikovsky died November 6th, 1893 when he was fifty-three in Saint Petersburg. He died for cholera, just as his mother did. Many people believe that he committed suicide. Because after his mother died he was very careful to clean the water he drank. He did this by boiling the water. Tchaikovsky was very cheerful his last few days. One day he was particularly cheerful and went to a play with some relatives and friends. After they went to a restraunt. That night his stomach hurt but he ignored it. By the next day he couldn’t ignore it anymore. He went to a physician and the doctor informed him that he had cholera. Two days later Tchaikovsky got better and there was hope for him. Unfortunately he died from kidney failure. Tchaikovsky was an amazingly talented musician and losing him was a major loss to the music world but we will always remember him for his songs and the impact his music he made.

This is Tchaikovsky playing the piano

This is Tchaikovsky in his later years

This is Dance of the Sugar Plum Fariy by Tchaikovsky from the Nutcracker

Here are the sources that I used to write these paragraphs: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0006318/bio, http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~boris/maha/music/tchaikovsky.html, http://www.biography.com/people/pyotr-ilyich-tchaikovsky-9503375#early-life


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