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by Katieb92
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Social Studies

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Katie Baxter

"ITouch the Future; I Teach" -Christa McAuliffe

"The Cognitive Revolution"took place in the mid-1900s, inspiring psychologist Benjamin Bloom to create the popular taxonomy of higher level thinking skills. It includes different cognitive thinking skills such as remembering, comprehending, synthesizing, and evaluating. Naturally, teachers are interested in incorporating information from the cognitive branch of psychology, given that it studies the process of acquiring knowledge and understanding, In my own teaching, I utilize Bloom's taxonomy in each lesson to maximize student learning. I agree with Bloom's philosophy, and think that, although it can seem more time consuming at first on both teacher and student's part, it saves the need to reteach because the learning process is more meaningful the first time.Attached (paper clip on top right) is a copy of a lesson plan I used for science in my 5th grade teaching internship. My objectives all start with higher level thinking verbs from Bloom's taxonomy.

Psychology is the study of the human mind and its capabilities, especially those affecting behavior in a certain way. Educational psychology is using that information in order to understand best practices in teaching. Some theorists who have made their mark in educational psychology did not intentionally do so. The first chapter describes how some theories were not created in an effort to inform teachers about ways to educate children, yet they have many applications that can guide your teaching. Educational pyschology plays an important role in effective teaching. To be successful in just about any profession, two things are critical: education and experience. Educational psychology educates you with research knowledge that betters your knowledge of what will make your students learn. Teachers also become more valueable by the experiences they have had teaching. "You will continually make important judgments in the classroom based on your personal skills and experiences, as well as the accumulated wisdom of other teachers (Ryan and Cooper, 2010)." Being a teacher of little experience, most of my knowledge is based on the works of theorists who have made their mark in educational psychology by sharing information that is useful in the classroom. The piece of educational psychology I use most in the classroom is theorist Benjamin Bloom's taxonomy of cognitive skills, which emphasizes the idea of a student's need to "do" in order to retain what is being taught."Tell me and I forget. Teach me and I remember. Involve me and I learn."-Benjamin Franklin

What role does Educational Psychology have on teaching?

How does Cognitive Development affect teaching?

I teach at an unordinary preschool. I have 8 children and 2 assistant teachers. My class is mixed age groups, consisting of children ranging from 6 weeks to 3 years old. To be an effective teacher for my children, it is imperitive for me to understand the social/socioemotional aspect development of my children. Knowledge of Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Human Development guide me to understanding the needs of my children to become the most effective teacher, caregiver, and advocate for them. With the mixed aged groups I teach, 3 stages of Erikson's theory come into play: trust vs. mistrust, autonomy vs. shame. and the beginnings of initiative vs. guilt. An example of how I use this information in my teaching my infants, trust vs. mistrust applies. This first stage children experience from birth to around a year old, requires warm, loving, caregiving for children to learn to trust others. In this time of my students' lives, as shown in the second picture to the right, I make a conscious effort to spend plenty of one-on-one time with them, playing games like peek-a-boo and always being attentive to their needs. An older child may be in the initiative vs. guilt stage in his or her life. As shown to the right in the third picture, I use my knowledge of this stage to know when to recognize it and how to act on it. My older 3 year old boy has started to show interest in helping with daily routines in the classroom. This is encouraged by teaching him to learn the routine without prompting by at first going over it frequently. As he learns to carry on tasks throughout the day without reminders, his sense of self-worth and responsibilty increase.

How does Social/Socioemotional Development affect teaching?

I don't know if I can say it any better than I did when I was 4, but I'll give it a shot...I am a teacher because I am passionate about making a difference in the lives of children. I strive to make a positive impact on every child I come in contact with. Our children are our future, and I love the quote that is the title of this project, because it is extremely true. For better or for worse, we as teachers touch the future. So let's make it for the better!

Santrock, J. (2011). Educational Psychology. New York: Mc-Graw Hill.

"Choose a job you love and you'll never work a day in your life" --Confucius


Benjamin Bloom

Erikson's Trust vs. Mistrust

Erikson's Initiative vs. Guilt.


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