Psychodynamic Approach

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by nfminaker
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Psychodynamic Approach

The Psychodynamic Approach

KEY ASSUMPTIONSFreud's theory of personality and behaviour focuses on unconscious processes, and the importance of early childhood

Freud saw the mind as having three parts: the conscious, the preconscious and the unconscious. This is often called the 'Iceberg Model'


He stated that children progress through 5 stages of psychosexual development. These are oral, anal, phallic, latency and genital. Fixation at a stage leads to issues in adulthood.

Defence mechanisms are the ego's way of protecting itself from conflict, for example, denial.

He also came up with the idea of the Oedipus and Electra complexes to explain gender development.

Studies in Detail

LITTLE HANSA young boy who was a patient of Freud's. Freud used Hans as evidence for the Oedipus complex.DIBSA boy with behavioural difficulties, who was encouraged to find himself using play therapy

Key Issue

How effective is psychoanalysis for treating normal and abnormal clients?


Personality is made up of three parts: the id, the ego and the superego

The main research method in the psychodynamic approach is Case Studies. This is an indepth study of one individual or a small group of people.


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