Prologue: The Story of Psychology

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by jessemartens
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology
Grade:
11

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Prologue: The Story of Psychology

Today

1912

1896

Prologue: The Story of Psychology

1892

1879

BIRTH OF PSYCHOLOGY

Psychology: The study of behavior and mental processes

William Wundt creates modern psychology when he conducts the first pyschological experiment, testing reaction times to hearing a beep. He is now considered the father of psychology.

STRUCTURALISM

Structuralism: An early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind

Edward Titchener, a student of Wilhem Wudnt, coins structuralism when he begins to seek information about the mind through introspection (having subjects report experiences they have when examining certain objects).

FUNCTIONALISM

BEHAVIORISM

MODERN PSYCHOLOGY

Today

Functionalism: A school of psychology that foucesd on how mental and behavioral processes function

William James, opposing Titchener, believed it was more important in psychology to examine why the brain worked the way it did, due to evolution and adaption, rather than how it worked.

Behaviorism: The view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes.

John B. Watson (top), began to call himself a "behaviorist" after his work in classical conditioning. B.F. Skinner (bottom) subsequently went on to pioneer operant learning as a behaviorist.

MODERN PSYCHOLOGY

-Psychology is a relatively new field of science and is always changing. -Even today, disputes such as the nature-nurture issue occur today. -Although both behavioral and mental processes are important to psychology, neither are all encompassing to the science and modern psychology recognizes both.

Nature-nurture issue: The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.

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