Progress of the war

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Social Studies
World War I

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Progress of the war

Progress of the War

Schlieffen Plan through Picture

Germany's Initial VictoryAt first, Germany seemed to hold the flag of a victory. In very quick movement, Germany succeeded to occupy Belgium on August 20, 1914. Then Germany marched towards Paris steadily along with the Battle of Frontiers- the clash between French and German force in the region of Alsace-Lorraine (World War I). Despite of France's XIV Plan - an offensive plan for the recapture of Alsace and Lorraine, France and Britain army had to focus their whole attention to stop the Germany's rapid advance (Godl). By the Battle of Mons, allied force inevitably retreated by Gernany's fierce artillery attacks. For nearly two weeks, Allies' retreat let the Germany to advance for nearly 120 miles till the River of Marne (World War I ).

Beginning of the WarAs Austria Hungary declared war on Syria, Russia, the Syria's ally, responded by mobilizing its army to Austria Hungary. Initially, Russia ordered just a partial mobilization of army to avoid Germany's intervention on the war. However as this partial movement might put her ally-Syria in a dangerous position, soon Russia ordered a full mobilization on 30 July. This mobilization ascertained the Russia's intervention on the war; and as a result, Austria Hungary ordered a general mobilization a day later and the war between Austria Hungary and Russia was close (Martel, 5). Due to carte blanche or “blank check” assurance, which Kaiser Wilhelm II pledged to provide an unconditional support to Austria Hungary, Germany sent ultimatum to Russia ordering the cessation of Russia's arm mobilization against Germany and Austria Hungary (Germany Gives). As this ultimatum failed, the war between Russia and Germany occurred. Soon, other countries in Triple Entente such as Great Britain and France joined in the war as well. France ordered a general mobilization of army to help Russia. Then on August 4, Great Britain declared war on Germany as German army croosed neutral Belgian frontier. Since Great Britain was bound to protect Belgium for diplomatic allaince, intervention of Great Britain on the war was inevitable (The Great War). At that point, all Europe's Great Power including Germany ,Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, and France were chained in a single war. This was the starting point of the most disastrous war in the history.

Germany's Geographical Location

Schlieffen PlanGermany made both France and Russia as enemy in this war due to the alliance system. This forced Germany to face the war on two fronts; eastern front with Russia and western front with France. Due to this disadvantageous situation that Germany faced, she implemented the Schlieffen Plan. Count Alfred von Schlieffen, a designer of this strategy assumed that it would take more than six weeks for Russians to actually launch the attack on Germany considering its less developed rail road system. (Godi). Therefore, Schlieffen Plan asked German army to knock out France within six weeks by putting majority of force in the Western Front at first. Thus, this plan must needed two important factors to success: Russia's slow mobilization and Germany's fast victory in the Western Front. If this plan succeeded, then the Goddess of victory would side with Germany.



Changing TideTill that time, German's swift advance seemed to imply the Germany's victory and its position on the outskirt of Paris seemed to prove that assumption. However, this rapid march was halted by the First Battle of Marne. On September 4, the Allied force stopped to retreat. At that moment, however, German force was drastically exhausted due to the unresting march and lack of sleep. This let the Allied commanders to seek the opportunity to break down the German's advance. Reinforced with the fresh troops from Paris, Allied launched a fierce attack on Germany to protect its national territory. After four days of this bloody conflict, Germany finally withdrew from the River of Marne and retreated till he River Aisne on September 9 (World War I).

Schlieffen Plan a MessThe First Battle of Marne clearly turned the tide of the war by making Schlieffen Plan a mess. As German army dragged in the Western Front by its loss and stuck in the entrenched situation, this made impossible for German arrmy to arrive the eastern front on time; and additionally, Russian army attacked German eastern border much faster than Germany expected (The Great War). Such unpredictable factors put Germany into a dangerous position and forced partial army in the Western Front to be in the easter front.

Trench WarfareSoon, as German dug the trenches and made a trench to protect themselves from the machien guns and heavy artillery, the Western Front changed into a bloody stalemate with the appearance of trench warfare. By the middle of the war, parallel trench from Belgian coast to Switzerland rotated a defense and attack with new military weapons such as machine gun and chemical weapons (Beck et al).

War on Various Parts of the War While Britain and France were struggling with Germany on the Western Front, several wars were happening all around the Europe: the war between Russia and Austro-Germany force in the east, and the war between Serbia and Austria Hungary in the south. Later on, many of other countries including Japan, Italy and Ottoman Empire engaged in the war In fact, all these countries had an intention to gain the territory from this war.







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