Principles for Language Teaching

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Principles for Language Teaching

Principles for Language Teaching

Douglas Brown

1.AutomaticityToo much grammar focus may block learners from achieving fluency.Learners should move from a heavy grammar focus to a more fluent grasp of the language.

4. Intrinsic MotivationClassroom techniques should be self-rewarding so that no external reward is necessary for learners to get involved.

1O. The Native Language Effect.The native language of the learner may either interfere with the developing of the new language or facilitate the process. Teachers' feedback should be focused on interference.

12. Communicative CompetenceCC is the goal of Language classrooms instrucction need to pont towards its components. Communicative goals are best achieved by giving due attention to language use and not to usage.

5. Strategic InvestmentTeachers should have at hand different learning strategies fot the various learning styles.

2. Meaningful Learning...will lead learners to long-term retention.

Linguistic Principles

Affective Principles

Cognitive principles

9. The Language Culture Connection. Language is culture. Students may be affected by this.

7. Self-Confidence.Learners may not feel fully capable of accomplishing tasks.Teachers are called on to sustain self-confidence.

8. Risk-TakingSuccessful language learners take risks. Those who do not may limit their own potencial.

6. Language EgoLanguage learners feel fragile in their process of contructing their second language. They need to be supported.

11. InterlanguageWhat learners say or comprehend may be logically correct in a certain stage of development. Teachers should be aware of it.

3. The Anticipation of Reward Students work harder if there is a reward. (Compliments, encouragement, etc)


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