President Thomas Woodrow Wilson

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President Thomas Woodrow Wilson

President Thomas Woodrow Wilson

Thomas Woodrow Wilson was born on December 28,1856 in Saunton, Virginia. he moved a lot as a kid; he moved from Virginia to Georgia to South Carolina. In school he was a less than stellar student - scholars today think he had a form of dyslexia. His father rigorously trained him in oraty and debate, which became a popular passion for him.

Wilson enrolled at a nearby Davidson College, but later transferred to Princeton in 1875. He then went on to study law at the University of Virginia, and earned his Ph.D in political science and history at Johns Hopkins university. Wilson's dream job was a professorship at Princeton, which he later achieved in 1890, becoming the university's 13th president in 1902. This was because of his efforts on focus to innovative curriculum upgrades and he was always voted most popular teacher on campus, renowned for his caring demeanor and high ideals. But it was his oratory skill that brought him renown beyond the university setting. Political Ambitions and university politics had transformed Wilson into a social Democrat, and he was tapped for the gvernmentship of New Jersey in 1910. A determined reformer, his successes made him daring of Progressives, and he nominated as a Democratic presidential Candidate on the New Freedom platform in 1912.

Early Life

-"Woodrow Wilson." Bio. A'E Television Networks, 2015. Web. 04 Mar. 2015. -"Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, 2008-2014. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.- Harris ' Ewing. Woodrow Wilson. 1914. Wkipedia. Web. .-#28 Woodrow Wilson. Dir. Playoprof. Youtube. N.p., 21 July 2013. Web. .-Ellen Louise Wilson. 1912. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, n.p.-Edith Wilson. 1915-1921. Library of Congress, n.p.- Janet. Thomas WWodrow Wilson. 2010. N.p.

Bibliography

Education and Aspirations

NEW FREEDOMWilson's New Freedom platform was favored by small businesses and farmers. He went after what he termed as the "Triple Wall of Privilege". This included three parts. The Underwood-Simmons Act (1913) which reduced tax rates that had previously favored industrialists over small businesses. The Federal Reserve Act makes loans more accessible to the average American. The Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) clarified the Sherman Antitrust Act by specifically naming certain business tactics illegal; exempted labor unions from antitrust suits, and declared strikes, boycotts, and peaceful picketing perfectly legal.

WOMENS SUFFRAGEWilson was inaugurated as the 28th president of the U.S. on March 4,1913 as a Democrat. He entered office just as the Women's suffrage movement was gaining full esteem. Historians generally agree that his views of suffrage evolved and he eventually supported the cause. Beginning with a Speech before Senate in January 1918. And on August 18,1920, the 19th amendment was ratified by a two-thirds majority of the states.

WORLD WAR IWilson declared American neutral , believing that "to fight, you must be brutal and ruthless, and the spirit of ruthless brutality will enter into the very fiber of our national life"- producing a second campaign slogan: "He kept us out of was." One day, he finally asked Congress to declare war in April 1917, when Germany repeatedly ignored U.S. neutrality and sunk American ships. When the war was declared over nearly a year and a half later, Americans were recognized as heroes. Wilson proposed the "Fourteen Points" as the basis for the peace treaty at Verasilles, with the last point being the creation of a League of Nations to ensure world peace. While this idea was adopted in Europe, Congress did not approve joining the League of Nations. Wilson suffered a second stroke while touring the nation, in an effort to carry public support for the League, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1920 for his efforts.

Wilson had fallen in love with Ellen Louise Axson, an accomplished artist, at church while traveling and working at his Atlanta law practice in 1883. The couple had three daughters togeher. in 1907, Wilson broke Ellen's heart when he had an affair while visiting Bermuda on a restorative trip. They moved on from the incident, and they remained together. Ellen died of Kidney disease during Wilson's first year in the White House(1913). in December 1915, Wilson married Edith Bolling Galt. Wilson entrusted Edith with a secret code that accesesed highly confidential war documents, and she often sat with him during Oval Office meetings. Also, Edith was the first U.S. first lady to travel with a sitting preisdent on a European goodwill tour. When President Wilson suffered his second stroke in October 1919, Edith masked the severity of his illness, making decisions in his stead and becoming, undercover, what some historians term America's first female president.

After leaving office in 1921, the Wilsons moved to a home in northwest Washington, D.C., where Woosrow Wiilson died at the age of 67, on February 3, 1924. He was buried in the Washington National Cathedral. Some of Wilson's books include of biography of George Washington and the five-volume History of the American People. His legacy of peace, social and financial reform, and statesmanship with integrity lives on at many schools and programs named after him, most notably the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship foundation and his old alma mater, Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.

Death and Legacy

Presidency

Personal Life

Thomas Woodrow Wilson

Edith, Wilson's second wife

Ellen, Wilson's first wife

Wilson's tombstone

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