President Project: Jefferson

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President Project: Jefferson


ORDER: ThirdTERM: 1801-1809PARTY: Democratic- RepublicanVP: Aaron Burr, George ClintonLIVED: 1734-1826HOME STATE: Virginia

“The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.”

Jefferson was a musician, a botanist, an archeologist, an architect, a lawyer, and an inventor. He also spoke six languages. When President John F. Kennedy was hosting a dinner for several Nobel Prize winners, he famously remarked, “…this is the most extraordinary collection of talent and human knowledge that has ever been gathered together at the White House with the possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone.”

Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, which was the fifty year anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. John Adams, Jefferson’s friend and fellow signer of the Declaration, died on the same day.

In 1806, Lewis and Clark returned from their expedition to map the western United States. The explorers brought back many gifts for the President, including two grizzly bear cubs which Jefferson kept in a cage on the White House lawn.

In 1803, Jefferson authorized the purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France for a mere $15 million (a cost of about three cents an acre). The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of nation and would later be divided into fifteen states.

In 1776, Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence to declare the American colonies free from the rule of Great Britain.

Jefferson was George Washington’s secretary of state and John Adam’s vice president.

In 1804, Jefferson sent American marines to the North African city of Tripoli, where pirates were holding American sailors for ransom. After the marines bombarded their city, the Barbary pirates decided that it was in their best interest to stop capturing American sailors.

Jefferson designed and constructed his own mansion, Monticello. He also entered a contest for the design of the President’s Mansion, later known as the White House. Jefferson lost the contest, but when he became President, Jefferson made a few “renovations” to make the White House look more like his original design.

Jefferson founded the University of Virginia. Of all his incredible accomplishments, this was his proudest achievement.


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