Prenatal and newborn development

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by monmon29
Last updated 5 years ago

Life Science

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Prenatal and newborn development


One Month of Age•Mastered skills - Lifts head when placed on tummy, responds to sounds, and stares at faces•Emerging skills - Briefly follows objects with eyes, vocalizes - oohs and aahs, and sees black and white patterns•Advanced skills - Smiles and laughs and holds head at 45-degree angleTwo Months of Age•Mastered skills - Gurgles and coos, follows objects in field of vision, notices his hands, and holds head up for short periods•Emerging Skills - Smiles and laughs, holds head at 45-degree angle, andmakes smoother movements•Advanced skills - Holds head steady, bears weight on legs, and does mini-pushupThree Months of Age•Mastered skills - Recognizes Mom’s face and scent, holds head steady, and visually tracks moving objects•Emerging skills - Squeals, gurgles, and coos, blows bubbles, recognizes Mom’s voice, and does mini-pushup•Advanced skills - Rolls over from front to back, turns toward loud sounds, brings hands together, and bats at toys .

Three Phases.1. Zygote Phase•Week 1: the one-celled zygote multiplies and forms a blastocyst.•Week 2: the blastocyst burrows into the uterine lining. The amnion, chorion, yolk sac, placenta, and umbilical cord begin to form.2. Embryo Phase•Weeks 3-4: the primitive brain & spinal cord appear. The heart muscles, ribs, backbone, & digestive tract are developing.•Weeks 5-8: the face, arms, legs, toes, fingers, and internal organs form. The sense of touch is developing and the embryo moves.3. Fetus Phase•Weeks 9-12: the fetus grows quickly. Kicking, thumb sucking, mouth opening and breathing rehearsal occurs. External genitals form and the sex becomes evident. The nervous system, organs, and muscles organize and connect.•Weeks 13-24: the fetus is still growing rapidly. Mom begins to feel the baby's movements. Vernix and lanugo protect the baby's skin. Most brain neurons are present by week 24. Fetus reacts to sound and eyes are sensitive to light.•Weeks 25-38: Baby could survive outside womb if born now. Continues to grow and lungs mature. Brain development enables sensory and behavioral capacities. A layer of fat forms under the skin. Antibodies come from mom to fetus. Most babies rotate to a head-down position.

Prenatal Development Milestones

Prenatal & Newborn Development

Newborn Development Milestones

To develop into a happy toddler, child, adolescent, and adult, your infant needs several elements in his life. He may be calm or feisty, discover what he likes and do it – singing, rocking, or playing peek-a-boo. He will know he is loved by your touch – hug, kiss, and carry him. In addition, use slow and gentle movements, so as not to startle him. Talk to him – he enjoys hearing his name and calming words. Create a routine – babies become familiar with daily activities and find comfort in them. Play learning and exploring games with your baby. When your baby coos or babbles, encourage him to continue – this will develop his language skills. These actions will have lasting effects on your baby for years to come; he will develop emotional and social relationships based on the love he experiences in the first year of his life .

First Year Development Tips

Biological Influences:GenderGeneral HealthMental Capacity/HealthHealth Practices/ConditionsEnvironmental Influences:HousingParental Employment/IncomeLevel of EducationAll of these factors play a role development when it comes to children, however having more or less of one does not mean that the child will turn out any different than a child who has more of thee factrs. If the child get love, care and nurturing as a child and they are raised to display those same emotions, they will likely continue to carry it through adulthood. A childs parents can havelow income, low level education and the child can still turn out sucessful depending on the upbringing. Eve through health factors, a child can still soar.

Nature vs. Nurture

Over the first two years of life, early experiences shape the foundational learning structures of the brain. The quality of care an infant receives from his caregiver influences his ability to connect with others, including, regulating his impulses, communicating with others, and engaging in cognitive learning. Inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility are shaped in the relationships babies experience the first two years of life. In addition, early relationships are crucial to healthy brain development. To ensure your unborn child or infant is ready for school - get proper medical care, learn about environment toxins, stress, and health issues, take at least six months of leave to bond with your baby, schedule and attend all well-baby visits, receive guidance and support for your baby’s healthy development, schedule developmental screenings for physical or behavioral concerns, and ensure your child is enrolled in the best childcare environment .

Cultural influences play a major role in child development. Culture consist of traditional and non-traditional customs, practices and social behaviors. Children typically carry on the same practices that their parents carry. The more stimulating, caring, loving and social the childs environment is, the chances are they will take on those same traits. A child is a perfect immitator and will take on, carry and pass down the same cultural beliefs and life practices.

Cultural Influences on Child Development


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