Post traumatic stress disorted

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by ksovj
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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Post traumatic stress disorted

Rape: PTSD

Criteria of diagnosis of PTSD

What is PTSD?Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder that can result from a traumatic event. You may have heard the term used in relation to the military, but it can apply to survivors of any type of trauma, including sexual violence. Survivors might experience uncharacteristic feelings of stress, fear, anxiety, and nervousness—and this is perfectly normal. With PTSD, these feelings are extreme, can cause you to feel constantly in danger, and make it difficult to function in everyday life.

The survivor must have experienced or confronted with an event that involved actual or threatened injury, or a threat to their physical integrity. i.e. rape.

The survivor must show symptoms of intense fear, helplessness or horror.

-The survivor must experience distressing recollections of the event. i.e. flashbacks.-The survivor persistently avoids things that remind them of the event. i.e. triggers.

Persistent symptoms of increased arousal (not present before the trauma) as indicated by at least two of the following: difficulty falling or staying asleep; irritability or outbursts of anger; difficulty concentrating; hyper vigilance; exaggerated startle response

Symptoms:1.Re-experiencing: feeling like you are reliving the event through flashbacks, dreams, or intrusive thoughts2.Avoidance: intentionally or subconsciously changing your behavior to avoid scenarios associated with the event or losing interest in activities you used to enjoy3.Hyper-arousal: feeling “on edge” all of the time, having difficulty sleeping, being easily startled, or prone to sudden outbursts

* Nearly one-third of all rape victims develop Rape-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (RR-PTSD) sometime during their lifetimes, and more than eleven percent still suffer from it (National Center for Victims of Crime ' Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, 1992).* An estimated 683,000 adult American women are forcibly raped each year. (National Center for Victims of Crime ' Crime Victims Research and Treatment Center, 1992).

Statistics

Inclusion of the Family Perspective

Trauma makes the rape victim, likely to withdraw from social activities) including those involving interactions with family; not all families will experience the same symptoms to deal with, but generally the family will need to implement—A. Sympathy It will be helpful for the afflicted family member to be aware of the support and understanding from family members, but it is important the family does not smother the afflicted person with sympathy as it can become overbearing and may prompt the afflicted member to feel as if their family thinks they cannot get through it themselves.B. Conflict The victim can become increasingly irritable, and this may materialize in anger in even small discrepancies esp. those involving children or their expectations.C. Disconnection and DetachmentD. DepressionE. Fear and WorryF. AvoidanceG. ShameH. AngerI. Negative FeelingsJ. Drug and Alcohol AbuseK. Sleep ProblemsL. AbuseThe best the thing families can do for the victim is to be supportive and understanding of the victim’s symptoms and make sure, more than anything, that the patient receives the proper care and treatment—go on as things are normal and try to keep a positive environment.

Biochemical/PhysiologicalCauses

Present neurobiological research indicates that traumatic events cause lasting changes in the human nervous system, including abnormal secretions of stress hormones. In addition, in PTSD patients, researchers have found changes in the amygdala and the hippocampus the parts of the brain that form links between fear and memory. Experiments with ketamine, a drug that inactivates one of the neurotransmitter chemicals in the central nervous system, suggest that trauma works in a similar way to damage associative pathways in the brain. Positron emission tomography (PET) scans of PTSD patients suggest that trauma affects the parts of the brain that govern speech and language.

Bibliography

"Factsheets: Rape-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder." Alliance:. New York Alliance Against Sexual Assault, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2015."Mental Disorders." Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2015."Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Rape Survivors. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015."Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)." : Symptoms, Treatment and Self-Help for PTSD. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

Treatments

Trauma-Focused Cognitive therapy: talking about problems and experiences usually through consuling or in a support group.Family therapy. Since PTSD affects both you and those close to you, family therapy can be especially productive. Family therapy can help your loved ones understand what you’re going through. It can also help everyone in the family communicate better and work through relationship problems caused by PTSD symptoms.Medication is sometimes prescribed to people with PTSD to relieve secondary symptoms of depression or anxiety. Antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft are the medications most commonly used for PTSD. While antidepressants may help you feel less sad, worried, or on edge, they do not treat the causes of PTSD.


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