Position Statement Presentation

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by Renee1283
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Literature

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Position Statement Presentation

Proposal to develop thoughtful literacy through Transactional and Schema- based instruction

The Schema Theory of Reading and Writing acknowledges the importance of evoking prior knowledge, experiences, and personal feelings in the reader before reading.Schema-based strategies:*Making predictions after looking at illustrations and titles *Pre- reading surveys that prompt students’ thinking about their values, beliefs, ideas, or previous knowledge *Checklists in which students are reminded of previous skills learned *Quick- writes in which students write for a set amount of time on a specific topic *Pre-reading creative group activates that allow students to imagine themselves in the character’s world *KWL charts that allow the students to think about what they already know, what they want to learn more about, and what they actually do learn. *The point of these strategies is to get students thinking about metacognition and to bridge a gap between what the student already knows and what they are learning. This theory supports the students' sociocultural background and celebrates individual differences.

Glog by:Renee Davis

"Thoughtful Literacy can be fostered, but the classrooms most successful in developing such proficiencies look different from traditional classrooms" (Allington, 2012, p. 133).

The Transactional Theory of reading and writing gives the students opportunities to respond to the text both efferently (cognitively) and aesthetically (personally). This will allow the students to interpret on a deeper level by connecting their personal linguistic background and experiences to what the author’s plausible intentions are.Strategies that support the transactional theory are needed in an ideal classroom. Strategies:*Reader's Theater*Literature Circles (explained in more detail to the right)*Notes & Quotes*Character Poems*Character Talk showsThese cooperative learning strategies engage the students in close readings, a major tenet of the theory. *All of these activities allow the teacher to be the facilitator, while the students construct meaning. *They all require the students to activate their background knowledge and transact with the text. *It prepares them for more complex reading and writing, academic conversations, and close readings, which are all essential in education today.

Literature circles promote thoughtful literacy because the students are reading, writing, and thinking critically about literature. They're connecting literature to themselves, other texts, and the world. This is needed in today's society, in which higher order thinking skills are recquired. They provide a stimulating and enjoyable learning experience for the students filled with autonomy and collaboration. First, the students will be separated into heterogeneous groups and will choose from a list of novels. The students will be given specific roles for their reading group (see roles). They will read the novel and each student will be responsible for generating questions and for their part of the discussion process. Next, the students and the teacher will bring in artifacts that relate to the time period and social context of the novels: music, artwork, authentic foods, images, etc. They will use the artifacts to make connections between novels.Furthermore, the students will make connections to their own lives, other texts, and the world through thoughtful conversations based on the questions generated by the students and teacher.

Classroom EnvironmentAlong with social and interactive teaching strategies that incorporate the tenets of these two theories, educators need to create a nontraditional setting in their classrooms that fosters thoughtful literacy. The ideal reading classroom looks different than the traditional setting in straight-lined rows. 1. Having a large library filled with many genres and types of literature along with a cozy reading area is the first step. 2. Teachers should also display books around the room in colorful bins, separated by genre and interest. 3. The teacher should host “book interest talks,” in which he or she presents new books to the class and gives a dramatic reading of the back cover to ignite interest in the students. 4. Desks should be set up in stations with group work, writing workshop areas, computer groups, and reading areas to accommodate the social activities and close reading strategies. *Bringing reading to life for children by engaging them socially and creatively while allowing them to transact with the text on a personal level and connecting their lives to literature will ultimately improve motivation, fluency, and comprehension overall.

Video: Literature Circles in Action

Transactional - basedStrategy

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