[2015] Cullan Byrne (Walters): Pompeii

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[2015] Cullan Byrne (Walters): Pompeii

Pompeii (Continued)

FoodSeafood was a large part of the diet of Pompeiians. Their diet also included grapes, olives, dates, peaches, beans, apples, olive oil and wine from their orchards and vineyards. They also ate breads, porridge, honey and cheese. Cooking was done over portable terracotta stoves or on stone cooking benches for the wealthy citizens. The poor could not eat meat because it was too expensive.

HousingWealthy people in Pompeii could afford a private house (called a villa) that had a garden, two bedrooms, a kitchen, dining room, courtyard, living room, office and water spout. They also had a heating system under their houses that was made of brick posts to guide the heat and a fireplace. Merchants built their houses around their shops and they were much simpler. Slaves lived in tiny rooms in their owners' homes or in crowded residences.

Physical FeaturesJust outside of Pompeii is Mount Vesuvius which is the only active volcano on mainland Europe. The volcano caused very rich soil which was good for agriculture. The land the city was built on was on a slope because of a prehistoric lava flow from the volcano, so the city sloped with it. Pompeii also had frequent earthquakes caused by the volcano.

AgriculturePompeii had a harbour for imports, exports and fishing. There was also vinyards, olive groves, orchards and grain and wheat fields outside of the city which provided most of the citiy's exports.

Land UsePompeii was a 157 acre city made up of houses, shops, temples, public bath houses, markets, roadways, sidewalks and ampitheatres. Pompeii was a big vacation destination for Romans.

ClothingPompeiians had different clothing depending on their social status. Wealthy men wore togas decorated with bands of colour. Merchants, slaves and children wore tunics with belts. Women wore a stola which was a long dress worn over a tunic. The clothes were made of wool, cotton or silk depending on the social status. They wore broaches that were decorative jewelry to hold together their clothing. Leather was used for shoes and belts.

Weapons and ArmourSoldiers and gladiators needed these for battle and for sport. They used a galea (helmet made of bronze), a manica (armguard made of linen, leather or metal), a scutum (shield), a gladius (short sword), a pugio (dagger), a hasta (spear), fuscina (trident) and an inretire (net).


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