Policy of Containment

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by Danni1925
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
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Policy of Containment

After WWII, the communist community grew quickly in many parts of war-ravaged Europe. England was desperately trying to stop the spread of European communism in key countries, one of which was Greece. A fear shared by the U.S. and Britain was that if Greece became communist, so would Turkey, and the Soviets would control the eastern Mediterranean.To solve this issue, George F. Keenan, a career Foreign Service Officer, formulated the policy of “containment,” the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war (1947–1989) with the Soviet Union.


1946 - Winston Churchill delivered the Iron Curtain Speech1947 - Release of journal "Foreign Affairs"1950-Paul Nitze’s conception of containment wins over Kennan’s1952 - John Dulles' declares the policy a rollback1989 -Administrations adopt a variation of Kennan’s containment policy and made it their own.

Kennan’s policy was controversial from the very beginning. Journalists criticized Kennan’s policy for being too defensive. Most notably, John Foster Dulles declared during the 1952 election campaign that the United States’ policy should not be containment, but the “rollback” of Soviet power and the eventual “liberation” of Eastern Europe.

Important People

George F. KeenanJohn F. DullesPaul Nitze


- http://www.historyretold.com/containment-policies-and-the-iron-curtain.html-http://history.state.gov/milestones/1945-1952/kennan


Policy of Containment




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