Polar Bears

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by a2croft
Last updated 6 years ago


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Polar Bears

They eat seals that they hunt for under the ice

Around the age of four or five the female polar bear can start having babies. They usually only have two cubs and they have these babies in a cave they've dug in a large snow drift. They stay there over winter and come out in spring with the babies.


The babies are much smaller than human babies when they're born. They are the size of a rat and weigh little more than a pound. They can grow to full man size in a year if they have lots of food.

Polar bears have been known to swim 100 miles (161 kilometers) at a stretch.

Polar bear fur is oily and water repellent. The hairs don't mat when wet, allowing the polar bears to easily shake free of water and any ice that may form after swimming.

Polar bears live on the ice caps of the Arctic

Polar bears primarily eat seals. They often rest silently at a seal’s breathing hole in the ice, waiting for a seal in the water to surface. Once the seal comes up, the bear will spring and sink its jagged teeth into the seal’s head.

Polar bears live in the Arctic.Polar bears have black skin and although their fur appears white, it is actually transparent.It is the largest carnivore (meat eater) that lives on land.Polar bears use sea ice as a platform to hunt seals.Seals make up most of a polar bears diet.Male polar bears can weigh up to 680 kg (1500 lb).Female polar bears usually only weigh about half as much as males.Polar bears spend most of their time at sea.Scientists estimate that there are around 20000 polar bears.Polar bears have 42 teeth.The scientific name for the polar bear is ‘ursus maritimus’.Polar bears keep warm thanks to nearly 10 cm of blubber under the skin.Polar bears have an excellent sense of smell, with the ability to detect seals nearly a mile away (1.6 km).Polar bears can reach speeds up to 40 kph (25 mph) on land and 10 kph (6 mph) in water.The polar bear was the mascot for the 1998 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada.


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