Play and Development

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by kathrinemthomas
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Play and Development

Sources for More Information: Social Emotional Milestones in 8-10 year olds

Play & DevelopmentBy: Lacy Saxon, Kathrine Thomas, and JoAnna Pickett

We're not just playing in 5th grade!

Symbolic Play

Functional Play

Constructive Play

Games with Rules

Why is Play Important?

* Physical development through play is easy to conceive. It is known that the more active the human body the better developed it is physically. Play has the ability to develop fine and gross motor skills. An example of a fifth grade play activity that would aid the development of fine motor skills would be an art class or lesson. An activity to develop the gross motor skills would be a membership on the school's jump rope team. (all theorist apply)* Creative development through play at this age level is very much contingent on the teacher created enviornment. The enviornment should be judgement free and open so that the students will take risks. The community of learners must have an understanding of respectful play and interaction. A way a teacher may facilitate creative development is by allowing students a scheduled time for free thinking and action in their day. ( theorist link: Montessori)

Social and Emotional, Physical, & Creative Development:* Children naturally develop socially through play by increasing their verbal skills, learning conversation ques, learning how to detect peer emotions, and by understanding anothers perspective through conversation. A fifth grade teacher may be able to create an opportunity to foster this type of development by setting up improvisational conversations between students that are acting like characters they are learning about in the curriculum. * Emotional development blossoms by allowing children to freely express both positive and negative feelings. A teacher may encourage this development by allowing students to act out or talk out a real or invented stressful time to each other during the morning meeting time. (theorist link- Vygotsky)

Cognitive, Language, &Literacy DevelopmentThere are four elements that make up cognitive development:1. Problem solving2. Mental planning3. Self-monitoring4. EvaluationCognitive development and play are connected because of the way it helps children make sense of the world around them and link experiences and things they already know to what they are doing.When children play, they are often acting as a person or as they are in a situation that they have seen before. Just think of the popular games children play such as school ad house. Children build on prior knowledge they have acquired or have seen and put it to use in their play.These cognitive skills that children use during pretend play are critical for success in school. Many subjects require children to pretend and use their imagination that gets expanded during play. Children also must tap into their ability to build on prior experiences to use in the classroom when performing tasks such as learning routines, classroom behavior, reading, and literacy skills.Language Development is expanded during play and helps practice important language skills. 1. Communication is expanded because children have the opportunity to talk in various voices, take on roles of new people and use different words than they normally would, and also get to experiment with different tones and accents.2. Play also allows students to have a comfortable environment to use language in different ways and in different settings than they would normally be uncomfortable in.3. One big part of language development that is expanded through play is giving children to opportunity to have purposeful conversation. They have the ability to use new words, create situations and conversations that they have heard before or use their imagination and come up with a new situation. They learn to come up with a problem and solve it using their actions and words.4. Playing with language and experimenting with various syllables, sounds and words can be really enjoyable in a free environment like play. Literacy Development: Play is a big factor in the growth of a child's literacy development which is their abiliy to read and write. Good readers require the same skills and characteristics as someone who is a good player. These children are able to work well with others as well as independently, stay focused and engaged, use strategies when problem solving, and have goals to complete something. Practicing these characteristics in play will actually mold a child to have these same characteristics in the classroom which will lead to better literacy development.



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