Plato

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Plato

Ancient Greek writer and philosopher Plato was born in Athens around 428 BC. His birth name was Aristocles, named after his grandfather, but people called him Plato due to his broad build. He was a student of Socrates; many of his Plato's philosophies stem from Socrates' ideas. Plato was also a teacher of Aristotle. His writings focused on beauty, justice, equality, aesthetics, politics, and many more. Plato founded the Academy - one of the first institutions of higher learning in Athens. The Academy was also one of the first academic insitutions in the Western world. He influenced the society around him during his life time in many ways. Plato died in Athens around 348 BC but his philosophies continue to live on. (Plato Biography)

Accomplishments

427 BC: Plato is born in Athens, Greece.407 BC: Plato meets Socrates, abandons aspiration to be playwright. Starts developing a strong bond with Socrates.403 BC: Plato turns away from politics toward philosophy. 399 BC: Socrates is sentenced to death. Plato becomes distressed and soon withdraws from social life. 380 BC: Plato decides its time to carry on many of Socrates' teachings and founds The Academy outside of Athens.367 BC: Aristotle begins his studies in Plato's Academy.347 BC: Plato dies of old age at his Academy. 346 BC: Much like Plato did after Socrates' death, Aristotle leaves Athens after Plato's death to pursue his own line of inquiry.

Considered the founder of philosophy, Plato changed the way people thought in his lifetime. Many Greek philosophers before his time contemplated philosophical, including epistomological, questions separately, ; Plato's ideas revolved around these ideas being interrelated, and therefore his philosophies were all connected to one another(The Top 100 Heroes of Western Culture). Through various texts, Plato incorporated his mentor and teacher Socrates' philosophies and teachings and ultimately changed the way people thought of the world. One of the most important books that Plato published was The Republic. In this text, most of his own personal philosophies were written. Later on in his life, Plato started to explore the ideas of metaphysics and morality. He concluded that "the world of ideas is the only constant and that the perceived world through our senses is deceptive and changeable". Around 385 BC, Plato founded one of the first high-end institutions called the Academy. This school offered subjects such as astronomy, biology, mathematics, political theory and philosophy. This academy's goal was for future leaders to discover how to build a better government in the Greek city-states (Plato Biography). One of many reasons why the Academy was a very important was because famous ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was a student there. With the teachings of Plato, Aristotle became a famous philosopher who influenced the world in many ways.

Lasting Impact

Plato impacted the world in many ways. His philosophical ideas concerning morality,the nature of human beings, and political theory traveled way beyond his homeland in Greece. His belief in the importance of mathematics in education have proven to be vital for understanding how the entire universe functions at a physical basis. Society today has been forever changed due to Plato's idea concerning the use of reason in order to develop a more just and fair society. Plato's philosophy on the importance of equality amongst individuals, distinctly found in his book The Republic, established the foundation for modern democracy. (Plato Biography)

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