Plants Vs. Animals

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by CKue1432
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Cell Biology

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Plants Vs. Animals

Plants vs. Animals

Animal Cell

Plant Cell

What plant cells and animal cells have in common:Cytoplasm- Contains all organelles and cell partsEndoplasmic Reticulum- Forms an interconnected network of flattened membrane Ribosomes-Translate encoded info from the cell nucleusMitochondria- Powerhouse of the cellGolgi apparatus- Modify, sort, and package proteinsNucleus- Maintain the integrity of the genes and its activites(control center of the cell

What differ between plant cells and animal cells:Cell Wall- Absent in animal cells- pressure vessel, prevents over expansionShape- Animal cells are round, while plant cells are rectangularVacuole- Animals have 1+ small, plants have 1 large central vacuoleCentrioles- Present in all animal cells, present only in lower plants.- mitosis, meiosisChloroplasts- Only present in plant cells- photosynthesisCilia- Present in in animal cells, rare in plant cells- move fluid past the cellPlastids- Only present in plant cells- contains their own DNA and ribosomesPlasma membrane- Animal cells only have a cell membrane, contains lipids and proteinsLysosomes- Digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and bacteria

Animal Cells function:The functions of animal cell are all carried out by the different cell organelles. These cell organelles function as a unit and regulate the activities of the cell on the whole.

Plant Cell function:DNA in a plant cell is enclosed within the nucleus. The most important distinctive structure of plant cell is the presence of the cell wall outside the cell membrane. It forms the outer lining of the cell. The cell wall mostly made of cellulose and its main function is providing support and rigidity. Plants cells also contain many membrane bound cellular structures. These organelles carry out specific functions necessary for survival and normal operation of the cells. There are a wide range of operations like producing hormones, enzymes, and all metabolic activities of the cell.


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