Plantar Fascia

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by Ricardobarrera8
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Plantar Fascia

The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia, it gets weak, and irritated. Then your heel or the bottom of your foot hurts when you stand or walk

Biomechanical dysfunction of the foot is the most common etiology of plantar fasciitis; however, infectious, neoplastic, arthritic, neurologic, traumatic, and other systemic conditions can prove causative. The pathology is traditionally believed to be secondary to the development of microtrauma (microtears), with resulting damage at the calcaneal-fascial interface secondary to repetitive stressing of the arch with weight bearing

Disea e

What is it?

The cause of plantar fasciitis is often unclear and may be multifactorial. Because of the high incidence in runners, it is best postulated to be caused by repetitive microtrauma. Possible risk factors include obesity, occupations requiring prolonged standing, and heel spurs.

Etiology

Plantar fascia

Physical therapist. A physical therapist can instruct you in a series of exercises to stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon and to strengthen lower leg muscles, which stabilize your ankle and heel.Orthotics. Your doctor may prescribe, cushions or custom-fitted arch supports to help distribute pressure to your feet more evenly.

.The classic symptom of plantar fasciitis is heel pain when you take your first steps after getting out of bed or after sitting for a long period of time. You may also have: Stiffness and pain in the morning or after resting that gets better after a few steps but gets worse as the day progresses.

Phatophysiology

Sings and Symptoms

Prevention

Diagnosis is primarily based on history and physical examination.Diagnostic imaging is rarely needed for the initial diagnosis of plantar fasciitis. Use of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance is reserved for recalcitrant cases or to rule out other heel pathology

Diagnosis

Take care of your feet. Wear shoes with good arch support and heel cushioning. If your work requires you to stand on hard surfaces, stand on a thick rubber mat to reduce stress on your feet. Do exercises to stretch the Achilles tendon at the back of the heel

Treatment


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