Pituitary Gland

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by musiclover1029
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Human Anatomy

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Pituitary Gland

Pituitary Gland

The Pituitary Gland or Hypophysis is the size of a pea and weights 0.018 oz. The Pituitary Gland is an endocrine gland which is not actually located in the brain. Instead the Pituitary Gland is located off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain in a small bony cavity which is covered by a dural fold.

The Pituitary Glandis in two parts. The anterior pituitary and theposterior pituitary. They are connected to the hypothalamus by small pathway call the pituitary stalk.

The Pituitary Gland releases hormones which help to control these body functions:GrowthYour Blood PressureYour body's temperature regulationsRegulation of water and osmolarityWater balance by controlling the reabsorption of water by your kidneysMetabolism or the conversion of food into energyYour Thyroid Gland functionsFemale and male reproduction organ functionsSome parts of pregnancy and childbirth like the contractions during childbirthFemale Lactaction

The main disorders that can be caused by the pituitary gland are:Acromegaly which is an overproduction of the growth hormone.Cushing's disease which is caused by an overproduction of the Adrenocorticotropic hormone.Growth hormone deficiency which is an underproduction of the growth hormone.Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone which means you have an overproduction of the vasopressin hormone.An underproduction of the vasopressincauses Diabeters Insipidus or Nephrogenic.Sheehand Syndrome is caused by an underproduction of any of the pituitary hormones.Pickardt-Fahlbusch-Syndrome is caused by an underproduction of any other the pituitary hormones as well except Prolactin which is actually increased.Hyperpituitarism or most commonly referred to as Pituitary Adenoma is an overproduction of any of the pituitary hormones.Hypopituitarism is another condition caused by an underproduction of any of the pituitary hormones.

Sites used for information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pituitary_disease &http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pituitary_gland

Links used for Video & Picture: http://www.howtogettallernaturally.info/images/pituatiry%20gland.jpg&http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qJj_-3dZ4ZQ


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