pine marten

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by trentobrien7
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
7

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pine marten

By:Trent OBrien

Pine Marten

The Pine Marten is a member of the mustelid family, a group of short-legged, long bodied carnivores.Some other animals in the mustelid family are Badgers,Otters,Stoat and Minks.Pine Martens diet is omnivore but they are carnivores.Pine Martens are the same size as a house cat and there cute to.Pine Martens can partly retract its claws, but not like a cat can.Pine Martens are rare, although they are slowly coming back.Pine Martens need lots of cover, so they are mostly found in woodland areas with lots of scrubs.Pine Martens are solitary.Each adult has there own territory, they usually will not tolerate other members of the same sex in there territory.Pine Martens are roughtly about 65 cm in length from nose to tail, the females are slighty smaller.Pine Martens have no predators that will hunt them for food.In the wild Pine Martens live for about 5 to 6 years.Pine Martens are endagered because of loss of habitats and human disruption.Humans were traping Pine Martens for there fur.Now by law they are not aloud to trap them.In 1979 and 2007 the Pine Marten was threatened.In 1986, 1996, and 2000 the Pine Marten was endangered.In Newfoundland Pine Martens are found in Little Grand Lake, Red Indian Lake, Glover Inland, Main River, and Terra Nova National Park.

A Pine Marten catching a hare.

Pine Marten babies are called kits.Pine Marten babies are born in late March or April.There is from one to five babies in a litter.They are born blind and helpless.They stay in the den for 6 to 8 weeks.By September, the kits are almost fully grown, then they leave the den make and set up there own territories

Pine Marten in the scrubs

Pine Marten babies

Some things Pine Martens eat.

REFERENCEShttp://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/nf_marten.pdfhttp://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/Marten-Recovery-Plan.pdfhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_martenhttp://www.wicklowmountainsnationalpark.ie/PineMarten.htmlhttp://www.vwt.org.uk/species/pine-marten

Pine Martens eat a variety of foods, including roadkill, small mammals,birds and there eggs, invertebrates, fruits and nuts.Pine Martens are commonly referred to as nocturnal,they are quit active especially in the summer.Pine Martens also eat frogs, rabbits, and berries.

Although pine martens are carnivores, their diet is omnivorous, and they eat a variety of foods, including carrion, small mammals, birds and their eggs, invertebrates, fruits and nuts. Although pine martens are commonly referred to as nocturnal, they are frequently active during the day, especially in the summer months.What is a pine marten?Along with the badger, otter, stoat & mink, the pine marten is a member of the mustelid family, a group of short-legged, long-bodied carnivores. Its resemblance to the domestic cat led to its being named ‘cat crainn’ (tree cat) in Irish. It is chocolate-brown with a yellow bib, rounded ears and a long bushy tail. It can partly retract its claws, though not as much as a cat can.Where do pine martens live?Pine martens are quite rare, although their numbers are increasing, and they are doing well in areas such as the Burren in Co. Clare, south Co. Galway, and parts of Tyrone & Fermanagh. There are small numbers in the Wicklow Mountains. Pine martens need lots of cover, so are found in areas of scrub, and both deciduous woodlands and coniferous plantations.Are pine martens native to Ireland?It is not yet known whether pine martens are native or were introduced by humans for their fine fur. The earliest remains found so far date back to 2780 years ago. Pictures of what appear to be pine martens can be found in old Irish monastic manuscripts.Do pine martens live in groups?Unlike their cousin the badger, pine martens are solitary. Each adult has its own territory, with a number of dens, which it marks out using scent glands, and will usually not tolerate other members of the same sex. Males have territories of 50-80 hectares, while females tend to have smaller territories of 14-25 hectares.How big is a pine marten?Much bigger than a stoat, but smaller than an otter, with a long agile frame, a male pine marten is on average 65cm in length (nose to tail) and weighs 1.5-1.9 kg. Females are slightly smaller.When are the babies born?The young, or kits, are born in a den in late March or April, in litters of one to five. They are born blind and helpless, and stay in the den for 6-8 weeks. By September, the kits are almost fully grown, and leave to set up their own territories.What do pine martens eat?Pine martens are hunters or predators, taking rodents, birds, frogs, rabbits, and occasionally fish on the coast. They are good climbers, but hunt mainly on the ground. They will also feed on a wide variety of other food; berries, nuts, mushrooms and insects, as well as carrion (roadkill and dead animals) and even domestic fowl. They are known to catch squirrels in other countries, but have not been observed doing so in Ireland.Do pine martens hibernate?Pine martens do not hibernate, but find what food they can to survive over winter.Do pine martens have any predators?Although no animals hunt pine martens to eat, their fur, known as sable, was highly valued in the past, and many animals were trapped for their skins. Pine martens will also take meat poisoned with strychnine that was left out for foxes, which has led to their decline in many areas. Strychnine is now banned, and pine marten numbers are increasing.How long do pine martens live for?Pine martens live for about 5 or 6 years in the wild, and have been recorded at 10 years in captivity.Do pine martens make noises?Pine martens are not usually very vocal, but do make huffing, growling and squeaking sounds when fighting.Can pine martens climb?The pine marten is a very agile climber, using its sharp claws to hold onto tree bark, and its long bushy tail for balance.Where can I see pine martens?Although pine martens are elusive and like to live in cover, once they become used to a place and a routine they can be watched easily enough. They may be seen near sheds in rural areas, where they hunt rodents, and are sometimes seen crossing forestry roads. Keep an eye out for their droppings, which don’t have a strong smell and often contain berries.Not at risk (1979), Threatened (1986), Endangered (1996), Endangered (2000), Threatened (2007) Little Grand Lake, Red Indian Lake, Glover Island, Main River, and Terra Nova National Parkhabitat loss and human disturbance have hadhttp://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/nf_marten.pdfhttp://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/wildlife/endangeredspecies/Marten-Recovery-Plan.pdfhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_martenhttp://www.wicklowmountainsnationalpark.ie/PineMarten.htmlhttp://www.vwt.org.uk/species/pine-marten


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