Piaget's Developmental Stages

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by clawsonb
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology
Grade:
1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12

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Piaget's Developmental Stages

- Ages birth-2-During this stage babies and young children explore the world by using thir senses and motor skills. - All infants have inborn behaviors called refelxes, whom later on learn to use to produce more interesting and intentional patterns of behavior.- What most of us would call "thinking" appears now. - Another hallmark development of this stage is object permanence (understanding that an object exists even if it is out of sight). - Once they realize that things exist out of sight, children can start using symnbolds to represent these things in their minds so that they can think about them.

Preoperational Stage

Formal Operational Stage

- Ages 11-aulthood- The preadolescent begins to be able to think abstratctly and to see possibilites beyond the here and now. - These abilities conitnue to develop into adulthood. - With the formal operational stage comes the ability to deal with potential or hyopthetical situations; the form is now sperate from the content.

Citations

Sensorimotor Stage

Stages of Development

Stage 1: Sensorimotor StageStage 2: Preoperational StageStage 3: Concrete OperationalStage 4: Formal Operational

- Ages 2-7- During this stage, children have greater ability to think about things and can use sybols to mentally represent objects. - Most children misunderstand the principle of conservation which is the concept that certain propreties of an object remain the same regardless of changes in the other properties).- One characteristic is centration: paying attention to only one aspect of a situation. - Another characteristic of the preoperational child's thinking is a foccus on states. - FInally, peroperational children are egocentric in their thinking. they bleive that everyone sees the world exactly as they do.

- Ages 7-11- Stage at which children develop the capacity for logical reasoning and understanding of conservation. - During Elementary school years, children's cognitive abilites undergo dramatic changes. They no longer have difficulties with conservation problems because they have aquired the concept of reversibility- Inferred reality is seeing things in the context of other meanings. - One important task the children learn during this stage is seriation, or arranging things in a logical progression. - Transitivity is a skill learned during this stage and they can mentally arragnge and compoare objects. - Children move from egocentric to decerented thought.

Piaget's Congnitive Development

Conservation in Action!


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