Piaget's cognitive theory

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by mommabeth
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Social Studies

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Piaget's cognitive theory

The Theory:Piaget's theory states that a child developscognitively through key processes and stages. Through these stages and processes they construct their own cognitive worlds, building mental structures to adapt to their world.

The 4 stages ofDevelopment

2- Preoperational Stage:A child begins to incorporate mental images to explain the world which extends beyond sensory and motor input.2-7 years

3- ConcreteOperationalStage:Children can perform concrete operations, display logical thinking, classify things, and reason.7-11 years

4- FormalOperationalStage:Abstract reasoning emerges and children begin to understand about "fairness" and "justice."11 years on

SchemaAn organized pattern of thought that is used to interpret aspects of ones experiences.

AssimilationThe process in which we add new information into our existing knowledge base.

DisequilibriumHappens when our existing schema or knowledge is challenged.

AccomodationThe process in which we modify our existing schema in order to adapt to new experiences.

EquilibriumEquilibration is when balance is restored within our schema. Piaget believed this is where learning happened.

The processes of development

To cognitively engage elementary students-Create an environment where students feel their learning efforts are respected and valued by teachers and peers, ensure he/she feels positive about the learning situation, and provide curriuclum where the tasks and problems are developmentally appropriate.

Piaget believed that instruction and content should be developmentally appropriate. He believed that students should be allowed to explore and experiment to encourage new understandings.

Meeting social/emotional needs in the classroom-Encourage successful peer learning experiences by developing a feeling of mutual trust and respect between teachers and students. Take time to assess students' thoughts and feelings about the peer learning experiences and make any modifications that are necessary to ensure a positive outcome.This approach to teaching and learning communicates respect for learners and provides a model of critical inquiry that can be emulated by students.

Jean PiagetTheory of Cognitive Development

1- Sensorimotor Stage:Infant organizes and coordinates sensory experiences with physical movements.Birth-2 years

Reflective practice is at the heart of a Pigetian approach to education (DeLisi,2002)

ReferencesDe Lisi, R. (2002). From marbles to instatnt messenger: Implications of Piaget's Ideas About Peer Learning, Theory Into Practice, 41(1), 5.Flavell, J. (1996). Piaget's legacy. Psychological Science, 7(4), 200-203.Siegler, R., & Ellis, S. (1996). Piaget on childhood. Psychological Science, 7(4), 211-215.Santrock, J. W. (2011). Child Development. McGraw-Hill: New

Assessment:What is schema?What was the main idea of Piaget'scognitive development theory?From the information given, develop an example of how children assimilate information?What do you see as a possible outcomefor encouraging positive peer learning?What effects will equilibration have on student learning?What possible consequences could disequilibrium have on learning?


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