Physical Geographic Characterictics of Ancient Egypt

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by LydiaWems
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Physical Geographic Characterictics of Ancient Egypt

Physical GeographicCharacteristicsof Ancient Egypt

Nile River

Sahara Desert

The Nile River is the longest river in the world--it's over 4000 miles long. Its banks are lush with crops and palms. Papyrus plants, with which the Egyptians used for papyrus paper, grew along the river. The cataracts in the Nile are formed by boulders and cliffs. The Nile flooded annually, making the soil around the Nile very fertile and dark.

The Sahara Desert in Egypt has a hot, dry climate. It is known as the "Red Land" because of its reddish sand. There were cliffs up to 800 feet tall in the desert.

There were many natural resources and plants available in Egypt, including:-palm trees-barley, wheat, and corn-pomegranates, figs, grapes, and honey-flax (for making linen)-lettuce, onions, and peas-lentils and lotuses-flowers (for perfumes)

Egypt had many bodies of water besides the Nile River. There was the Mediterranean Sea and Red Sea that surrounded Egypt. There were wetlands crowded with reeds, and many swamps and waterfalls.

v harvesting wheat

< gathering of papyrus and lotus

^ man praying under palm tree

The Nile Valley is the area around the Nile River. The area is also known as the "Black Land" because of the rich, dark soil it gets from the annual Nile flooding. The Nile Valley was the only place in Egypt that could grow crops.

^ Mediterranean Sea

< RedSea


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