Phonology and Morphology

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by MsANHughes
Last updated 6 years ago

Language Arts

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Phonology and Morphology

Understanding phonology can help meet the communication needs of students learning English because it focuses on oral language and promotes literacy-oral and written.

Morphology and Phonology

Phonology is the study of the patterns of basic speech units and the accepted rules of pronunciation within a language. The smallest units of sound that make up a language are called phonemes. Phonemic and phonological awareness are two featured skills of Phonology that should be applied to language instruction.Phonemic awareness is the ability to segment words into their sound units.Phonological awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate words, syllables, and phonemes. Children acquire the ability to identify and play with words and syllables before they can do the same with individual sounds. This initiates prereading skills, as phonemic awareness is a subset of phonological awareness and both are closely related to emergent literacy skills.Language instruction that includes phonology can provide a strong predictor of English reading success when applied to language instruction.



Morphology is the study of the smallest units of meaning called morphemes. Knowledge of the morphology of our language is critical to vocabulary development and reflects the smallest building blocks for comprehension.Language instruction that includes morphology influences the student’s ability to understand what a word means.


Understanding morphology can help meet the communication needs of students learning English because morphological word study that provides chances to explore word parts and their meaning can increase the development of a student’s vocabulary. The more vocabulary a student knows, the better he or she will be able to communicate.

University ofPheonix

Ashley HughesTESOL 509

How does morphology help meet the needs of ELLs?

How does phonology help meet the needs of ELLs?


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