Philospophers and their Curriculum

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 Philospophers and their Curriculum

Philosphers and their CurriculumBy: ELISSA BELAK (TCHL500)

John Bobbitt (February 16, 1867- ?)Philosophy on curricula: Bobbit felt like curriculum was a way to prepare students for their future roles in society after school. Type of content emphasized: He emphasized education sciences. He wrote “The Curriculum: A Summary of the development concerning the theory of the curriculum,” in 1918. He called for the elimination of conventional school subjects. Main features/ideas concerning curriculum: He felt that people/students should only be taught what they will learn in the future, skills that will only benefit them in their personal tasks. Education was only to serve as a preparation for adulthood, and not childhood. Bobbit supported a co-education, and he viewed education differently between girls and boys, and their future- so education was to be different for them. He created a five step curriculum process: 1. Analysis of human experience 2. Job analysis 3. Deriving objectives 4. Selecting objectives 5. Planning in detail.

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William Heard Kilpatrick (November 20, 1871 – February 13, 1965)Philosophy on curricula: Kilpatrick developed the Project Method, for early childhood education. This was a form of “Progressive Education,” which helped organize classroom and group activities around a central theme. The type of content they emphasized and the curricula’s main features/ideas concerning curriculum: Kilpatrick believed the role of the teacher should be a “guide” and children should direct their own learning- according to their own interests. Students should be allowed to explore their environment, through natural senses, instead of traditional schooling.

Harold Rugg (1886- 1960)Associated with the Progressive education movement, Rugg studied the creativity which believed was vital to the learning process. He created the first textbooks that included concepts associated with “pro-socialist.” Rugg focused on early childhood influences and viewed formal education as an agent of social change. Publishing a series of books, Rugg emphasized creative self-expression. He believed that creative learning within school curriculum was essential for learning and success.

1. Ralph Tyler (1902- 1994) Tyler focused his studies and politics in elementary and secondary education. Known as “the father of educational evaluation and assessment,” he studied to refine, and innovate state teacher’s curriculum. He worked closely with Charters, to improve Ohio State faculty in their teaching and student retention. He is credited with the term, “evaluation” within his Eight year Study. Tyler wrote Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction (1949) which discussed the analyzing and interpreting of curriculum and instructional program. The book laid out simple structure for instruction delivery and evaluation. It was a four point system known as the Tyler Rationale. This book describes learning as an action of the student- he was an optimist about the future of education.

Werrett Wallace Charters (1875–1952)Charters main philosophy was derived from the progressive theorists/philosophy. He believed the main goal of learning for students was so satisfy students and their needs, whatever they may be. Curriculum should be based on individuality of each student- their needs and goals. This allows students to pick what their focus would be. This would hopefully encourage and prepare students for life after school.

Asking the major questions: What is their philosophy on education? What type of content should be emphasized? And what are the main features/ideas concerning curriculum?'GRid=47488662

John GoodladAugust 19, 1920– November 29, 2014John Goodlad has published over 100 books, and has contributed to educational research in a range of ways. Through teacher training, early childhood education curriculum reform and school culture, Goodlad gave a great deal of thought to the world of public education. He, along with many other philosophers aligned his thought with the progressive education movement. He believed that all students need is the opportunity to learn, and to focus their learning on an agenda and one idea. He believed in a “five basic pattern” of classroom culture, which resulted in setting a vision and agenda for schools, parents and teachers. All of which have an important role in students learning.

Hollis Caswell October 22, 1901 – November 22, 1988Caswell believed the curriculum was on the Progressive philosophy. He was the first to create and develop a standard national curriculum for public schools. He believed in differentiated teaching and learning. His aim was to create curriculum based on social functions and the needs of students individually, not as a class.


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