Philippines Coral Reef

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by s5qfy256m
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecosystems
Grade:
10

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Philippines Coral Reef

Philippines Coral Reef

20.5833° N, 121.9000° E These are the coordinates of one of the many coral reefs in the philippines

Some of the Abiotic factors of the ecosystem include: Water temparature, Salinity, geography of the area, the type of sediments of the area.

The limiting factors of the Philippines coral reef include the temperature, salinity, pH , and the overfishing by humans in the area

The Producers of this ecosystem are symbiotic zooxanthellae and seaweeds, especially small types called turf algae

There is a fringing coral reef in the ecosystem and lagoons with sandy fine bottom and numerous mounds . A narrow reef platform full of Hard and Soft corals.

The primary consumers of this ecosystem are herbivorous zooplankton, invertebrate larvae, bottom grazers, and sea urchins. The secondary consumers include piscivores corallivores, and benthic invertabrate feeders. the tertiary consumers are the carnivores such as sharks and bigger fish.

The Philippines has a diverse human population with approximately 14% of the population considered indigenous. In many cases areas of high biodiversity are inhabited by indigenous communities. The marine and coastal systems of the Philippines are critical to the wellbeing of the people who live there. Fish constitutes nearly 70% of inhabitants’ protein intake and also provides a source of income for around 6.5 million small-scale fishers and their families. The reefs have long been used as traditional fishing grounds, and are considered by the indigenous people to be ancestral waters. As a number of stakeholders are reliant on these reefs, its destruction would have wide-ranging and detrimental social and economic consequences.

The Ivory tree coral is keystone species because almost 50% of the other organisms in the ecosystem would suffer from the removal of this species in the ecosystem.

The Anacropora Briar Coral is one of the Endangered species of the Philippines coral reef

One of the biggest threats to this ecosystem is dynamite fishing and cyanide fishing. These are destructive fishing practices which use explosives and chemicals to break coral and realease fish, but at the same time destroy years of coral structures and endanger many species.

Here Are links to more information on this ecosystem:Website:http://www.unicoconservationfoundation.org.au/unico-conservation-foundation-projects/philippines-coral-reefs-the-amazon-of-the-seaScience Article:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025326X00000229


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