Phases of the Moon

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by neche004
Last updated 8 years ago


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Phases of the Moon

The moon rises and sets at specific times, according to what phase it is in:-The new moon rises and sets at about the same time as the sun.-The first quarter moon rises at mid-morning and sets at midnight. -The full moon rises at sunset and sets at sunrise. -The last quarter moon rises at midnight and sets at mid-morning.

-The Moon has phases because it orbits (circles) Earth, which causes the portion we see illuminated to change.-The Moon takes about 27.3 days to go all the way around the Earth and return to its starting position.-As the moon rotates around the earth, it also rotates around its own axis at the same rate.

-The moon causes many of the tides in the Earth's oceans. This is because of the gravity force between the Earth and Moon.-Tides are not caused by the direct pull of the moon's gravity. The moon is pulling upwards on the water while the earth is pulling downward. Slight advantage to the moon and thus we have tides.

Benchmark Number: SC.4.E.5.2Benchmark Description: Describe the changes in the observable shape of the moon over the course of about a month. Subject Area: NGSSS: Science Grade Level: 4 Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science Big Idea: Earth in Space and Time - Humans continue to explore Earth's place in space. Gravity and energy influence the formation of galaxies, including our own Milky Way Galaxy, stars, the Solar System, and Earth. Humankind's need to explore continues to lead to the development of knowledge and understanding of our Solar System.

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