Perspectives on Reserves

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by baljeet89
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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Perspectives on Reserves

Perspectives on Reservations

The Indian Act, 1876The government developed this act over time to govern over everyday matters of the Aboriginal peoples. This act talks about how Aboriginals can claim their Indian status and recieve the benefits they were meant to. This act still stands today. The government has seen Aboriginals as children that need guidance and help in running their affairs.

This is a video of Wab Kinew telling a brief history of Canada in the Aboriginal perspective: French and English were signing treaties and the First Nations were put on reserves and forced to go to residential schools.

The White Paper, 1969Prime Minister Trudeau and his Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chrétien, proposed ending the Indian Act and all of the ties the government had with Aboriginals. Aboriginal communities fought back because the paper did nothing to address Aboriginal greivances of land ownership and involving Aboriginal leaders with Canadian government in a meaningful way.

The Royal Proclamation of 1763This Proclamiation was issued by King George III and it said that North America belonged King George and only the Crown. It said that Aboriginals existed and continue to exist. It also stated that all land was Aboriginal and settlers were not allowed to claim it unless the Crown bought it from the Aboriginals first, and then was selling it to the settlers.

Picture of a class in a Residential School

Map of Aboriginal Populations and Reserves Across Canada


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