by connorlacey123
Last updated 4 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Personality:"Somebody's set of characteristics: the totality of somebody's attitudes, interests, behavioral patterns, emotional responses, social roles, and other individual traits that endure over long periods of time."

trait theory:

The trait thoery is an approch to the studyof human personality. there are 4 types of theory. 1. Stable: this is where you are calm and controlled. possotive: will allow you to focus more on the goal you have set without distraction e.g catching a rugby ball in a game without dropping it due to pressure.negative: if you are too calm in a rugby game you may not have the ferosity to take down an opponent e.g if you are scared of hurting them you will not tackle them to your full ability.2. Neurotic: this is where are active or aggressive.posotive: if you where in a rugby game it would allow you to channel your aggressiveness to take down an opponent e.g you wouldnt hold back when making a tackle, this would insure the opposition doesnt break the line.negative: if you where a netball player you could potentialy be to tough on your team mate resulting in poor co-ordination and trust throught the team.3. Introvert: this is where you are more quiete and moody, this type of person usually is suited best to a inividual sport e.g swimming where they can take their time and not worry about being unsociable or moody with team mates.4. Extrovert: this type of person is more of a team player who socialises and acts as a leader, someone who takes charge of a situation in a sport e.g will encourage team mates in a game situation to keep going and not give up even if loosing.

this theory says that there are 3 stages to personality.there are 3 different stages to this view.1. Role Related Behaviour: change of behavior e.g if you are a captain you need to be more responsible and step up as a leader. 2. Typical Behavior: this is your sub concious reaction e.g if you where playing in a rugby game and the ref called a foul when you know it clearly wasnt, your immidiate reaction might be a negative e.g shout at the ref.3. Psychological Core: this view is what your natural attitude is about (the real you) e.g beliefs, internal characteristics that you cant change this may be that you have a strong belief of treating everybody equally and there for joining in with team mates who might tease the opposition, this is a negative.

Martens Schematic View:

Personality types:

Type A: this personality type is for more of an 'individual' sports man/womam e.g swimming or tennis singles, this is so the player can focus on them selves and not worry about other team mates, this will give them more focus. this type of sports person will;- lack patience- have a stronge urge for competition- high desire to atchieve goals- lack tolerance to others- experience high levels of anxiaty.Type B: this personality type is the opposite to type A, being more suited to a 'team player' such as football where you need to be able to communicate with others easily in a game situation e.g calling for the ball if your in space. this type of sports person will;- have more tolerance to others- more relaxed than type A- lower levels of anxiaty - high levels of creativety/imagination.

Social Learning Theory:

this theory suggests that we learn from one another by observation and reinforcement. reinforcement is the use of feedback to encorage repeat performance.There are 4 stages of modeling:1. Attention: through observation, atheletes must respect and admire to model their observing (depends on model status) role model, attractiveness, powerful.2. Retention: athelete must be able to retain skill or behavoir in memory to recall when needed e.g remeber how to act if the referee called a wrong offence in a football game.3. Motor-Reproduction: to physically perform the tast in hand, needs time practice in order to learn how to do it and perfect the move. e.g doing a high flick in a hockey game.4. Motivational Response: the athelete needs to be motivated which depends on the amount of reinforcement e.g praise and feedback important to the task. if it is your sport you will want to do it more e.g be more motivated to completing.



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