Periodontal Disease

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by MrReGlog
Last updated 8 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease is treatable by a dental specialist called a Periodontist.

Periodontal Disease*bleeding gums*bad breath*receding gums*bone loss

Periodontal Disease


Periodontal disease defined by the American Dental Association (ADA) as an infection of the tissues that support your teeth.Disease, Gum (Periodontal Disease). (n.d.). Retrieved on July 7, 2012 from

Periodontal disease in the early stages of diagnosis is called gingivitis. Gingivitis is a milder form of gum inflammation caused by plaque build-up, poor oral hygiene habits or triggered by health factors such as certain medicines or health problems like autoimmune diseases.

Dental Exam


The patient will have a series of appointments for treatment. Xrays will determine the extent of bone loss and whether all the teeth can be saved. Next the patient will go through a series of dental cleanings that are usually more aggressive than the ones performed at the general dentist. Dental scalings or root planings will remove plaque and tarter below the gum line and interproximally. The hygienist may have to used a water pic type instrument called a cavitron to blast hard tarter off the tooth root. Sometimes the cleaning will be subdivided to do a 45 minute cleaning on each of the 4 quadrants at 4 different appointments.


The Periodontist will evaluate the damage by measuring the sulcus surrounding the teeth with an instrument called a probe.

Damjanov, I., (2012). Pathology for the Health Professions, 4th ed. Missouri: Elsevier, Inc.Pham, T., Ueno, M., Zaitsu, T., Takehara, S., Shinada, K., Lam, P., Kawaguchi, Y. (2011). Clinical Trial of Oral Malodor Treatment in Patients with Periodontal Disease, Retrieved on July 20, 2012 from Patient Smart, (2012). Periodontal Disease, Retrieved on July 20, 2012 from, A., Bartizek, R., Gerlach, R., Terézhalmy, G. (2007). Oral Hygiene Regimens, Plaque Control, and Gingival Health: a two-month clinical trial with antimicrobial agents. Retrieved on July 20, 2012 from