Performance Enhancing Drugs

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by Manoloo
Last updated 4 years ago

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Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Sports
Grade:
7,8,9,10,11,12

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Performance Enhancing Drugs

"Anabolic steroids" are synthetic substances related to the male sex hormones. They promote the growth of skeletal muscle and strength, which is why athletes desire it so much. It can be administered via injection. Side effects include acne, blurred vision, cataracts or glaucoma, easy bruising, difficulty sleeping. High blood pressure, increased appetite, weight gain and increased growth of body hair.

Stimulants are taken orally, sniffed, smoked, and injected. They increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration. Athletes may use stimulants to increase alertness, reduce, tiredness, and increase their competitiveness and aggressiveness. An example of a stimulant is cocaine. Side effects of abusing stimulants include irregularities in heartbeat, addiction, paranoia and even psychosis.

Performance Enhancing Drugs

Stimulants

Steroids

Human Growth Hormone

Blood Doping

Blood doping is the practice of boosting the number of red blood cells in the bloodstream in order to enhance athletic performance. The most commonly used types of blood doping include injections or erythropoietin (EPO), because such blood cells carry oxygen from the lungs to the muscles, a higher concentration in the blood can improve an athlete's endurance

HGH helps to regulate body composition, body fluids, muscle and bone growth, sugar and fat metabolism, and heart function. People obtain injectable HGH from doctors who prescribe it for off-label purposes. HGH seems to be in demand by athletes, not only to icrease lean body mass but also to speed recovery from muscle fatigue or injury. Side effects may include Abnormal or decreased touch sensation, blurred vision, slow or fast heartbeat and many more.


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