Penguins

by Annnnnna
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
6

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Penguins

Penguins

Penguins are birds that can't fly, although they are great swimmers. They are better suited to life in water than to life on land. Penguins look like they're wearing tuxedos. This pattern is called countershading, a kind of camouflage that helps keep them safe in the water. Penguins do have wing-bones, but they are more like flippers than wings. Penguins are found almost entirely in the southern hemisphere. They catch their food underwater and raise their chicks on land.

What are penguins?

Facts-There are 17 different types of penguins.- Penguins can live up to 15-20 years depending on the species.- Penguins mostly eat fish, krill, and squid.

In the water, the penguin's color helps it camouflage. From underneath, its white belly blends into the bright surface of the water, and from above its black back blends in to the deep, dark water.

PENGUIN CAMOUFLAGE

Penguins feathers are short and oily. They trap warm air, and keep out water and wind.

Penguins are shaped more like fish than normal birds.

Penguins' fins are small, stiff, and flat. They act like flippers as a penguin swims, and helps it balance as it walks.

By Anna

- Some types of penguins can stay underwater for as long as 30 minutes. - Salt glands, found near penguins' (and all sea birds) eyes, let them drink salt water by filtering the salt out of their bloodstream.


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