by twakild206
Last updated 7 years ago


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Lifespan: 15 to 20 years depending on the species



Penguins are social birds. Many species feed, swim and nest in groups. During the breeding season, some species form large groups, or “rookeries”, that include thousands of penguins. Each penguin has a distinct call, allowing individuals to find their mate and their chicks even in large groups.

Penguins can be found on every continent in the Southern Hemisphere from the tropical Galapagos Islands (the Galapagos penguin) located near South America to Antarctica (the emperor penguin).

Penguins are flightless birds that are highly adapted to life in the water. Their tuxedo-like appearance is called countershading, a kind of camouflage that helps keep them safe in the water. Penguins do have flipper-like wing-bonesthat are suited to swimming. Penguins catch their food underwater and raise their young on land.

In general, penguins closer to the equator eat more fish and penguins closer to Antarctica eat more squid and krill.

Penguins can spend up to 75% of their lives in the water. They do all of their hunting in the water. Their prey can be found within 60 feet of the surface, so penguins have no need to swim in deep water. They catch prey in their beaks and swallow them whole as they swim. Some species only leave the water for molting and breeding.


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