Paul Keating

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by Andyman4
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Social Studies
Politicians and Presidents

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Paul Keating

Paul Keating was an Australian Prime Minister from 1991 to 1996

General statement

Paul Keating was born in Sydney 1944. He was the oldest of four children of Min and Matt Keating. They lived in the industrial suburb of Bankstown. He went to Bankstown’s De La Salle Collage for three years. Keating joined the Youth Labor council in 1964 and became the president in 1966. In 1969 he pre-secured for the federal seat of Blaxland and won the seat. In 1975 Paul Keating and Alitalia flight attendant Annita van Lersel were married in her family’s village in Holland. He entered politics with a new wave of Labor backbenchers, when the party increased its seat from 41 to 59. Labor won Government with 67 seats in the House of Reps. Keating’s opportunity for the front bench came when the Minister for Minerals resigned. He was Minister for just three weeks. The Labor Party called an election and they only won 36 seats and they were once again in the Opposition. Paul Keating was spokesman in a broad assortment of shadow ministries. Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser called an election for 1983, at the same time as the as the Labor Party leadership was vacated for Bill Hayden in favour of Bob Hawke. In 1983 Bob Hawke was sworn in as Prime Minister and Paul Keating was declared treasurer. Lionel Bowen retired and Keating became deputy Prime Minister. In 1991 Paul Keating was sworn in as the 24th Prime Minister of Australia.

Early life

Keating moved to introduce mandatory detention for asylum seekers. In 1992 Keating delivered a speech on Aboriginal reconciliation, a speech which has regularly been cited as among the greatest in Australian political history. As Prime Minister Paul Keating maintained an aggressive debating style. Such was the expectation that Labor would lose, many senior Labor figures openly told Keating that his job was to save as many seats as possible, so that their time in opposition would be short. Despite the overwhelming predictions thatLabor would lose, Keating succeeded in winning over the electorate with a strong campaign opposing 'Fightback!' and a focus on creating jobs to reduce unemployment. Like Hawke before him, Keating benefited while prime minister from a split Liberal Party. The first warning sign of a serious swing away from Labor came in March 1995, when Labor lost Canberra in a by election. In 1996 the Keating government was swept away from power. Labor lost 29 seats, including 13 in New South Wales 11 in Queensland. Keating tendered his resignation as prime minister on 11 March 13 years to the day after Bob Hawke had first taken office, and stepped down from Parliament just over a month later on 23 April 1996.

Political Career

•As prime minister, built strong bilateral links with Australia’s Asia-Pacific neighbours, particularly Indonesia. •Was a driving force in establishing the Asia Pacific Economic forum (APEC) heads of government meeting with its commitment to regional free trade. •Removed direct government controls from interest rates which had helped create a competitive disadvantage for Australian companies.

Three Major Achievements

Soon after leaving Parliament, Keating became a director of various companies and a senior adviser to Lazard, an investment banking firm. In 2000, he published his first book which focused on foreign policy during his time as Prime Minister. During John Howard's time as Prime Minister, Paul Keating occasionally made speeches strongly criticising his successor's social policies, and defending his own policies. Keating was also publicly critical of the leadership team of Kevin Rudd, just before the 2007 election. In 2008, Keating joined former Prime Ministers Gough Whitlam, Malcolm Fraser and Bob Hawke in Parliament House to witness Kevin Rudd deliver the apology to the Stolen Generations.

Later Life

•Paul Keating managed a rock band in high school called the Ramrods.•He was prime minister for 5 years.•He also left school at 14.

Interesting Facts

Paul Keating


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