Parkinson's disease

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by EllianeKheshen
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
10

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Parkinson's disease

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Symptoms:Tremor: in the hands or limbs, can occur at rest, can be postural.Muscular: difficulty walking, stiff muscles, slow shuffling gait, muscle rigidity, involuntary movements, problems with coordination, difficulty standing, muscle twitch, difficulty with bodily movement, or slow bodily movement.Sleep: nightmares, sleep disturbances, daytime sleepiness, restless sleep, or early awakening.Cognitive: dementia, difficulty thinking and understanding, amnesia, or confusion in the evening hours.Sensory: loss of smell, distorted sense of smell, or loss in contrast sensitivity.Speech: impaired voice, soft speech, or voice box spasms.Facial: jaw stiffness or reduced facial expression.Psychological: anxiety or depression.Urinary: dribbling of urine or leaking of urine.Whole body: poor balance, fatigue, or dizziness. Causes:-Researchers have identified specific genetic mutations that can cause Parkinson's disease, but these are uncommon except in rare cases with many family members affected by Parkinson's disease.Exposure to certain toxins or environmental factors may increase the risk of later Parkinson's disease, but the risk is relatively small.-Clumps of specific substances within brain cells are microscopic markers of Parkinson's disease. These are called Lewy bodies, and researchers believe these Lewy bodies hold an important clue to the cause of Parkinson's disease.

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About

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease (www.mayoclinic.org)

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Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of the nervous system that affects your movement. It develops gradually, sometimes starting with a barely noticeable tremor in just one hand. But while a tremor may be the most well-known sign of Parkinson's disease, the disorder also commonly causes stiffness or slowing of movement. After diagnosis, treatments can help relieve symptoms, but there is no cure.

Risk factors Age: Young adults rarely experience Parkinson's disease. It ordinarily begins in middle or late life, and the risk increases with age. People usually develop the disease around age 60 or older.Heredity: Having a close relative with Parkinson's disease increases the chances that you'll develop the disease. However, your risks are still small unless you have many relatives in your family with Parkinson's disease.Sex: Men are more likely to develop Parkinson's disease than are women. Exposure to toxins: Ongoing exposure to herbicides and pesticides may put you at a slightly increased risk of Parkinson's disease.Treatment Drugs are the standard way of treating Parkinson's, but many patients, as their disease worsens, may be candidates for implantation of a deep brain stimulator or DBS.

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By: Elliane Kheshen


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