Palace of Versailles MStieferman

by Msief
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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Palace of Versailles MStieferman

Palace of Versailles

The palace architects were Jules Hardouin Mansart, Louis Le Vau, and Philibert Le Roy.

The palace of Versailles opened May 6, 1682, it is still open today.

The architectual styles are French Baroque architecture and Contemporary architecture.

The palace is located about 16 kilometers southwest of Paris.

The palace is full of paintings and sculptures, ornately designed rooms and even technological innovations such as pressurized water fountains in its gardens that jetted water into the air. An opera house with a mechanical device that allowed the orchestra pit to rise up to the stage, allowing it to be turned into a dance or banqueting hall.

Before the revolution, the Versailles complex included the palace, gardens, a walled-in royal hunting ground, a smaller palatial structure known as the Grand (or Marble) Trianon and an estate used by Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI’s queen. Between the palace and the town there are also buildings that housed the war and foreign affairs ministries, residences for those not entitled to live in the palace, stables and a kennel, among other structures.

The chateau Louis XIII built was little more than a hunting lodge having enough space to house the king and a small entourage. Louis XIV (1638-1715) believed in centralized government with the king at its center, who would radically transform Versailles making it the seat of France’s government by the time of his death.

The Hall of Mirrors was flanked on its north side by the Salon of War, which has art depicting the king’s victory against a European coalition in a war that ran from 1688-1697, and on its south side by a Salon of Peace, which has art depicting the benefits of the forthcoming peace.

(The Fountain of Latona that overlooks the grounds at Versailles Palace.)



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