Otosclerosis

In Glogpedia

by sheribean
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Otosclerosis

Otosclerosis is the buildup of spongy or bone-like tissue in the middle ear that prevents the ossicles, namely the stapes in the middle ear, from working properly.The impaired movement and function reduces the sound that actually reaches the ear, resulting in conductive hearing loss.

Otosclerosis

About Otosclerosis

Available Treatment

Otosclerosis tends to target one ear at first, but both ears are eventually affected. The condition does not cause total deafness. Symptoms of otosclerosis include:- Gradual but progressive loss of hearing- Individuals with otosclerosis will first notice that they cannot hear low-pitched sounds of whispers- Paracusis- Vertigo - dizziness and balance problems- Tinnitus - sensations of ringing, roaring, buzzing or hissing in the ears or head

The cause of otosclerosis is a mystery, but researchers have uncovered a number of risk factors including:- Family history- Gender- Pregnancy- Race- Genetic disorder (osteogenesis imperfecta)- Measles virus- Unknown causes

Causes of Disease

Signs and Symptoms

- Medications; fluoride, calcium or vitamin D to slow the hearing loss- Hearing aid to treat hearing loss but will not cure or prevent hearing loss from getting worse- Surgery to remove part of the ear (stapes) and replace it with a prosthesis to cure conductive hearing lossMore about the surgery:- Stapedectomy: total replacement- Stapedotomy: part of the stapes is removed and a small hole is made in the bottom of it- Laser is used to help with surgery

Otosclerosis cannot be prevented; the genetic link to developing otosclerosis means that people are susceptible to developing this disease based on their family history.Fluoride tablets are sometimes prescribed to stabilize the condition. Research also does suggest that drinking fluoridated water may help prevent the disease in susceptible individuals. There are no other known ways of preventing this condition.However, early treatment can help maintain a patient's hearing. If one shows symptoms of otosclerosis (e.g. tinnitus), other measures should be taken to make sure one's hearing is not damaged further.

Preventive Measures

Stapedectomy


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