Osteoporosis

In Glogpedia

by alyssadesiante
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Osteoporosis

-Lack of certain hormones. Particularly, estrogen in women and androgen in men. Women, especially those whom are at lease 60 years of age, are more frequently diagnosed with the disease. -Inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D, -Lack of weight bearing exercise, -Age-related changes in the endocrine system.

Osteporosis causes the bones to become weak and brittle. To better understand what I mean by brittle, those with osteoporsis might get a fracture by doing something as simple as bending over. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporsis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the removal of old bone.

Osteoporosis most often affects the bones in the hip, spine, and wrist. When someone has osteoporosis, bones lose their density and strengh. Sometimes bones in the vertabra can collapse and break because they are not stron enouh to hold up your own weight.

Pathophysiology

What is it?

Causes

Osteoporosis

Diagnosis

Symptoms

Prevention

-Education regarding approprite calcium and vitamin D intake, as well as information about overall nutrition. -Fitness is important to help stabilize bone density and reduce the risk of falls. --Medications are used. Generally, medications such as Calcitonin and Bisphosphates help strengthen the bones and prevent further bone loss.

Treatment

.-A sufficient enough supply of calcium, vitamin D, and regular exercise are those. -Men and women between the ages of 18 and 50 ned about 1,000 mg of calcium a day. -Many get vitamin D from sunlight absorbtion. Next, exercise can help build strong bones and slow bone loss. -Exercise will always be beneficial, regardless of when started.

- Back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed veretebra - Loss of height over time - A stooped posture - A bone fracture that occurs mush more easily than expected

Osteoporosis is diagnosed with a bone density scan. A DEXA scan (Dual X-Ray Absorptiometry) measures people's spines, hip, or total body bone density to help gauge fracture risk.


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