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What is Osteoporosis?


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When you're young, your body makes new bone faster than it breaks down old bone and your bone mass increases. Most people reach their peak bone mass by their early 20s. As people age, bone mass is lost faster than it's created. The likelyhood for you to develop osteoporosis depends partly on how much bone mass you aquired in your youth. The higher your bone mass, the more bone you have "in the bank" and the less likely you are to develop osteoporosis as you age. Symptoms are: back pain, caused by a fractured or collapsed vertebra, loss of height over time, a stooped posture, a bone fracture that occurs much more easily than expected.

Endocrinologists, Rheumatologists, Family doctors, Geriatricians, Gynecologists, Internists, Orthopaedic surgeons, and Physiatrists.

Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle. The bones become so brittle that even a fall or bending and coughing may cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine.Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the removal of old bone.



WORK CITED: "Osteoporosis." Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2015. "Osteoporosis Pictures: Brittle Bones, Symptoms, Tests, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2015. "Osteoporosis Pictures: Brittle Bones, Symptoms, Tests, Treatments." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2015.

Treatment recommendations are based on an estimate of your risk of breaking a bone in the next 10 years using information such as the bone density test. If the risk is not high, treatment might not include medication and might focus instead on lifestyle, safety and modifying risk factors for bone loss. For both men and women at increased risk of fracture, the most widely prescribed osteoporosis medications are bisphosphonates. Examples include: Alendronate,(Fosamax)Risedronate (Actonel, Atelvia)Ibandronate (Boniva)Zoledronic acid (Reclast)Side effects include nausea, abdominal pain, difficulty swallowing, and the risk of an inflamed esophagus or esophageal ulcers. These are less likely to occur if the medicine is taken properly.



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