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by cassfull1
Last updated 8 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Osteoporosis or "porous bone" is a disease of the skeletal system characterized by low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. Osteoporosis leads to an increase risk of bone fractures typically in the wrist, hip, and spine.

More Common in:FemaleWhite/CaucasianPost menopausal Older adultsSmall in body sizeA diet low in calciumPhysically inactive


Bones play many roles in the body. They provide structure, protect organs, anchor muscles, and store calcium.

Calcium is a mineral needed by the body for healthy bones, teeth, and proper function of the heart, muscles, and nerves. The body cannot produce calcium; therefore, it must be absorbed through food. Good sources of calcium include:o Dairy productso Dark green leafy vegetableso Nuts—almonds

Daily Calcium IntakeAges mg/day1–3 5004–8 8009–13 130014–18 130019–30 100031–50 100051–70 120070 or older 1200

Regular physical activity has been associated with many positive health benefits including strong bones. Adequate weight-bearing physical activity early in life is important in reaching peak bone mass. Weight-bearing physical activities cause muscles and bones to work against gravity.

Weight-Bearing Physical Activity

Some people think of bones as hard and lifeless. But, your bones are actually living, growing tissue. Your bones are made up of three major components that make them both flexible and strong.

Refer to National Osteoporosis Association or Center for Disease Control for more info

By 2020, half of all Americans over age 50 are expected to have low bone density or osteoporosis.-National Osteoporosis Association


  • doni99 8 years ago

    doni99's avatar

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  • doni99 8 years ago

    doni99's avatar

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