Osteogenesis Imperfecta

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by MedinaHS2P4
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

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Osteogenesis Imperfecta

OI is caused by a mutation on a gene that affects the body’s production of the collagen found in bones, and other tissues. It is not caused by too little calcium or poor nutrition. More than 90% of all cases of osteogenesis are caused by a mutation in the COL1A1 and COL1A2 genes.

http://www.oif.org/site/PageServer?pagename=AOI_Factshttp://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/bone/osteogenesis_imperfecta/osteogenesis_imperfecta_ff.asp#bhttp://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/osteogenesis-imperfecta

There is no cure for osteogenesis imperfecta however there are some ways of managing the symptoms.These methods include, physical therapy, pain medication, use of wheelchairs, spinal and oral braces. Surgery, also known as rodding, is availabe to strengthen bones and fix or prevent bone malformations.A healthy lifestyle can also be of gret benefit to treating the symptoms of OI.

Symptoms include:-Malformed bones-Short, small body-Loose joints-Muscle weakness-Sclera (whites of the eyes) that look blue, purple, or gray-Triangular face-Barrel-shaped rib cage-Curved spine-Brittle teeth-Hearing loss (often starting in 20s or 30s)-Breathing problems-Type 1 collagen that does not work well-Not enough collagen.

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder characterized by fragile bones that break easily. It is also known as “brittle bone disease.” A person who is born with this disorder is affected throughout his or her life time.

Since Osteogenesis Imperfecta is involves several areas of malformation, there is not one specific occupation or career specialty for OI.Careers that involve or may treat a patient with osteogenesis include, but are not limited to, orthopedic surgery, neuromusculoskeletal medicine, rheumatology, and cranofacial surgery.


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