Osteoarthritis

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by monnarasaie
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Osteoarthritis

Some risk factors that might lead to osteoarthritis include:* being overweight* age* joint injury* joints that aren't properly formed* genetic defect in joint cartilage* stresses on jointsex: playing sports

Common tests are used for diagnosis. A history and physical exam will be performed. An X-ray can demonstrate thinned cartilage, thickened bone, ridges of bone that appear as "bone spurs." At times a CT scan and/or MRI is performed for more information.

Osteoarthritis

Diagnosis

Etiology

Video

Osteoarthritis is one or more painful joints resultng from degeneration of cartilage in the joints. It commonly occurs more in fingers, thumb and wrist, knees, hips, and spine. It is more common after the age of 45.

Description

When the body tries to repair tissue damage in a particular joint, it will trigger the growth of bone, cartilage, and tissues. This growth actually can increase the size of the joint. In the back, for example, this enlargement can actually lead to weakened limbs because the extra bone is now pressing on nerves. The disorder may also affect ligaments causing them to extend beyond their intended capacity. This results in stiffness and lack of flexibility.

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Prevention/Treatment

* pain* tenderness* stiffness* loss of flexibility* grating sensation* bone spurs

The goal of treatment is to reduce pain an maintain function. Includes:* exercise/physical therapy* medication ex: Tylenol, Advil, ibuprofen, etc.* braces* joint injections* joint replacement (severe)Not much can be done to prevent it, but you may:* watch your weight* exercise* prevent injuries

Monna Rasaiepour P:5

Signs & Symptoms

Pathophysiology


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